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UPSC General Knowledge Questions & Answers | Important GK Questions & Answers

31 'Veda' has been derived from the word ‘Vid’. What is the meaning of 'Vid'?
A God
B Knowledge
C Holy
D Religious

Answer: Option [B]

Vedas are the religious texts which tell us about the religion of Hinduism. Veda word has been derived from the root word ‘Ved’ which means knowledge. In this context, Veda is thought to contain the fundamental knowledge of functions and response to the existence of life. They are among the oldest, religious works which consist of certain rules, principles and morals.

32 Which of the following was unknown in Rigvedic society ?
A Polygamy
B Purdah system
C Polyandry
D Child marriage

Answer: Option [D]

No instances of child marriage and marriageable age in the Rig Veda seems to be 16-17. Position of the father increased and women were given lower position. Position of women became deplorable. They couldn't attend assemblies.



33 The ninth mandala of the Rigveda samhita is devoted wholly to:
A Urvashi and the Heaven
B Gods related to plants and drugs
C ‘Soma’ and the god who is named after the drink
D Narada

Answer: Option [C]

The ninth Mandala of the Rigveda, also called the Soma Mandala, has 114 hymns, entirely (although Griffith marks 9.5 as dedicated to the Apris) devoted to Sóma Pávamāna, "Purifying Soma", the sacred potion of the Vedic religion.

34 Which is the oldest Veda?
A Yajur
B Rig
C Atharva
D Sama

Answer: Option [B]

Rig Veda is the oldest of the Vedas, the sacred texts of Hinduism. It means “The Knowledge of Verses”. Written in Sanskrit around 1500 BC,Rig Veda consists of 1028 poems arranged into 10 circles or Mandalas.

35 The theory of ‘Arctic Region’ as the original home of Aryans is popularised by:
A B.G. Tilak
B Raja Ram Mohan Roy
C Keith
D Max Muller

Answer: Option [A]

The Independence activist Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak, propounded the idea that the North pole was the original home of the Aryans. In 1903, a book named “ The Arctic Home in the Vedas” written by Bal Gangadhar Tilak on the origins of the Aryan people.

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