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Preamble of Indian Constitution - Indian Polity Objective Questions with Answers

Questions
1 The Constitution of India borrowed the scheme of Indian Federation from the Constitution of
A Ireland
B UK
C Canada
D USA

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Canada. From Canada we have borrowed the scheme of federation. Influenced by the Constitution of Canada, India is also known as a 'Union of States' and not as 'United States of India' like U.S.A.

2 Which one of the following Constitutional System India follows ?
A USA
B UK
C Switzerland
D Russia

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is UK. The Indian Constitution system mostly resembles the system of constitution prevalent in the United Kingdom. It is so because India remained the colony of Britain for a long period and the laws so enacted and formulated during British India were adopted as it is with little modification.

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3 The inspiration of 'Liberty, Equality and Fraternity' was derived from
A American revolution
B Russian revolution
C French revolution
D Italy revolution

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is French revolution. The ideas of the French Revolution, coined in the phrases "Liberty", "Equality" and "Fraternity", triggered an enormous enthusiasm all over Europe. No revolution has changed the course of history more than the one that started on July 14, 1789 with the storming of the Bastille.

4 Which one of the following describes India as a secular state ?
A Fundamental Rights
B Directive Principles of State Policy
C Fifth Schedule
D Preamble of the Constitution

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is preamble of the constitution. The Preamble establishes India as a Secular State. The word 'Secular' was added by the Constitution (forty-second Amendment)Act, 1976. Even before the Amendment, operation of the concept of secularism was visible in the Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles.

5 In a parliamentary form of government, real powers of the State are vested in the
A President
B Chief Justice of Supreme Court
C Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister
D Parliament

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister. This is because of the following reasons:

  • The Prime Minister is the chief spokesperson of the Executive as well as the leader of the Lok Sabha
  • The Prime Minister holds the power to dismiss and appoint ministers and can ask a blundering minister to resign
  • The Prime Minister directs as well as defends the policies of the Executive
  • The Prime Minister is responsible for intervening in the controversial matters and settling the debate
  • The Prime Minister’s resignation automatically dismisses the whole cabinet.

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