The Judiciary - General Knowledge Multiple Choice Questions and Answers

Questions
1 The highest and final judicial tribunal of India is :
A President
B Parliament
C Supreme Court
D Union cabinet

Answer: Option [C]

The highest and final judicial tribunal of India is Supreme Court. The Supreme Court of India was constituted as per Chapter IV of the Part V of Constitution of India. The fourth Chapter of the Indian Constitution is " The Union Judiciary". Under this Chapter, the Supreme Court of India is vested with all Jurisdiction.

2 Which of the following High Court has jurisdiction over more than one State/ Union Territories ?
A Mumbai
B Guwahati
C Kolkata
D Chandigarh

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Option B. The High Courts of Mumbai and Guwahati have jurisdictions over more than two states. The Guwahati High Court extends its jurisdiction to states of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, and Mizoram. The Mumbai High Court extends its jurisdiction to Maharashtra, Goa, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu.

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3 Who of the following decides the number judges in a High Court ?
A The President
B Chief Minister of the State
C Prime Minister
D Parliament

Answer: Option [A]

The President decides the number judges in a High Court. The Parliament has authority to decide the number of Judges in the Supreme Court.

4 The Chief Justice and other Judges of the High Court are appointed by the :
A President
B Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
C Governor of the concerned state
D Attorney General of India.

Answer: Option [A]

The Chief Justice and other Judges of the High Court are appointed by the President. The Chief Justice and Judges of the High Courts are to be appointed by the President under clause (1) of Article 217 of the Constitution.

5 The oath to a High Court Judge is administered by the :
A Chief Justice of India
B Chief Justice of High Court
C President
D Governor of the concerned state

Answer: Option [D]

The oath to a High Court Judge is administered by the governor of the concerned state.

6 The Supreme Court of India was set up under which of the following Act ?
A Pitt’s India Act, 1784
B Charter Act of 1833
C Regulating Act, 1773
D Indian Councils Act, 1892

Answer: Option [C]

The Supreme Court of India was set up under regulating Act, 1773. The Supreme Court in India was established under the Regulating Act, 1773. The Regulating Act of 1773 established a Supreme Court at Fort William, Calcutta. Harilal Jekisundas Kania was the first Chief Justice of India.

7 In India, the power to increase the number of judges in the Supreme Court lies with :
A The President of India
B The Chief Justice of India
C The Union Ministry of Law
D The Parliament of India

Answer: Option [D]

In India, the power to increase the number of judges in the Supreme Court lies with the Parliament of India. The original Constitution of 1950 envisaged a Supreme Court with a Chief Justice and 7 puisne Judges - leaving it to Parliament to increase this number.

8 Disputes between States of India comes to the Supreme Court under
A Original jurisdiction
B Appellate jurisdiction
C Advisory jurisdiction
D None of these

Answer: Option [A]

Disputes between States of India comes to the Supreme Court under original jurisdiction. Disputes between States come to the Supreme Court under jurisdiction. Disputes between States come to the Supreme Court under jurisdiction.

9 Which of the following statements is correct with respect to retired judge of a High Court ?
A Cannot practice in the Supreme Court
B Cannot practice in any High Court of India
C Cannot practice in the High Court from where he has retired
D None of the above

Answer: Option [C]

The constitution says that once a high court judge has retired, he cannot practice law in any court or before any authority in India except the Supreme Court and the other High Courts.

10 Who was the Chief Justice of India when public interest litigation (PIL) was introduced to the Indian Judicial System ?
A M. Hidayataullah
B A. M. Ahmadi
C A. S. Anand
D P. N. Bhagwati

Answer: Option [D]

P. N. Bhagwati was the Chief Justice of India when public interest litigation (PIL) was introduced to the Indian Judicial System. Prafullachandra Natwarlal Bhagwati was the 17th Chief Justice of India, serving from 12 July 1985 until his retirement on 20 December 1986.

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