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Union and State Executive - Indian Politics General Knowledge Questions and Answers

Questions
1 How the President of India is elected ?
A By the way of people representation
B By an electoral college consisting of the elected members of both the Houses of Parliament and by the representatives of Central and State Legislature
C By an electoral college consisting of the elected members of both the Houses of Parliament
D The Prime Minister of India appoints him

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is by an electoral college consisting of the elected members of both the Houses of Parliament and by the representatives of Central and State Legislature. The president is indirectly elected by an electoral college comprising both houses of the Parliament of India and the legislative assemblies of each of India's states and territories, who themselves are all directly elected by the citizens.

2 Who is the Supreme Commander of Indian Armed Forces ?
A The Prime Minister of India
B The President of India
C The Defence Minister
D Chief of Army Staff

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is the president of India. The President of India is the Supreme Commander of the Indian Armed Forces. As in all democracies, the Indian Armed Forces are controlled by the elected political leadership of the Nation - The Government of India.

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3 In which of the following situations does the President of India act in his own discretion ?
A In returning a proposal to the Council of Ministers for recommendation
B In appointing the Prime Minister
C Both [A] and [B]
D None of these

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is in returning a proposal to the Council of Ministers for recommendation. The President constitutionally is bound to act in accordance with the aid and advice given to him by Council of ministers. After the 44th Amendment Act, 1978 the President is authorized to require the council of ministers to reconsider such advice. However, the reconsidered advice shall be binding.

4 In the election of the President, the value of the vote of the Lok Sabha Members :
A differs according to the geographical size of the respective State
B is same
C differs according to the number of votes a member represents
D none of these

Answer: Option [C]

In the election of the President, the value of the vote of the Lok Sabha Members differs according to the number of votes a member represents. The process for calculating the value of MP votes is: The total value of votes of all MLAs of all States divided by the total number of elected members of Parliament.

5 The oath is administered to the President of India by :
A Prime Minister of India
B The Speaker of Lok Sabha
C Chief Justice of Supreme Court
D Chief Justice of High Court

Answer: Option [C]

The oath is administered to the President of India by Chief Justice of Supreme Court. Before entering upon his office, the President of India has to make and subscribe to an oath or affirmation. The oath of office to the President is administered by the Chief Justice of India and in his absence, the seniormost judge of the Supreme Court available.

6 What is the minimum age limit to contest in President election in India ?
A 25 Years
B 30 Years
C 35 Years
D 40 Years

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is 35 Years. Article 58 of the Constitution of India provides for the qualifications for election as President. Amongst other, a person will be eligible for election as president if he has completed 35 years of age.

7 Who acts as the President of India when neither the President nor the Vice-President is available ?
A Chief of Army Staff
B Speaker of Lok Sabha
C Chief Justice of India
D Defence Advisor of India

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Chief Justice of India. When the office of President falls vacant due to his resignation, removal, death or otherwise, the Vice-president acts as the President until the new President is elected. If the office of Vice- President is vacant, the Chief Justice of India acts as the President and discharges the Function of President.

8 The power of the President of India to issue an ordinance is a :
A Legislative power
B Executive power
C Constituent power
D None of these

Answer: Option [A]

The power of the President of India to issue an ordinance is a Legislative power. Article 123 of the Constitution empowers the president to issue/promulgate ordinances during the recess of the Parliament. The ordinance making power of the President is not a parallel power of the legislation. It is held to be the legislative power of the President by the Supreme court of India.

9 The resolution for removing Vice-President of India can be moved to the :
A Joint sitting of Parliament
B Rajya Sabha
C Lok Sabha
D None of these

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Rajya Sabha. The Constitution states that the Vice-President can be removed by a resolution of the Rajya Sabha passed by an absolute majority and agreed to by a simple majority of the Lok Sabha. But no such resolution may be moved unless at least 14 days advance notice has been given. Notably, the Constitution does not list grounds for removal. No Vice-President or ex officio Vice-President has ever faced removal proceedings.

10 When a Chief Minister of a State loses his eligibility to vote in Presidential election of India ?
A He is yet to prove his majority on the floor of the lower house of the State Legislature
B He is a member of the Upper House of the State Legislature
C He himself is a candidate
D He holds many other Ministries in his hand

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is he is a member of the Upper House of the State Legislature. The President of India is the ceremonial head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces. The president is indirectly elected by an electoral college. And a chief minister shall not be eligible to vote in the Presidential election if he is a member of the Upper House of the State legislature.

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