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Preamble of Indian Constitution - Indian Polity Multiple Choice Questions

Questions
6 The Constitution of India has borrowed Fundamental duties from which one of the following countries ?
A Canada
B Erstwhile USSR
C UK
D Ireland

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Erstwhile USSR. The concept of Fundamental duties was taken from the USSR. The Fundamental duties are essentially taken from the Indian tradition, mythology, religions and practices. Essentially these were the duties that are the codification of tasks integral to the Indian way of life.

7 Which of the following statement describes that the Indian Constitution is federal ?
A A written and rigid Constitution
B An independent Judiciary
C Distribution of powers between the Centre and States
D Vesting of residuary powers with the Centre

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Distribution of powers between the Centre and States. India has a synthesis of both systems, the unitary and the federal. Some features such as rigid constitution, strong center, emergency provisions, single citizenship, etc but the distribution of power between center and states signify the feature of federalism.

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8 What is the meaning of Secularism ?
A Freedom of worship to minorities
B Suppression of Religions
C A system of political and social philosophy that does not favour any particular religious faith
D Separation of Religion from State

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is A system of political and social philosophy that does not favour any particular religious faith. Secularism is a belief system that rejects religion, or the belief that religion should not be part of the affairs of the state or part of public education. The principles of separation of church and state and of keeping religion out of the public school system are an example ofsecularism.

9 Which among the following is true about Federal State ?
A Centre is more powerful than States
B States are more powerful than the Centre
C Equal powers for Centre and States
D A Presidential form of government functions

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is States are more powerful than the Centre. The Federation has Written Constitution and express distribution of powers of Central and State Government. The Constitution of India has these feature of the federation.

10 The source of India's sovereignty lies in the :
A President
B Prime Minister
C Directive Principles of State Policy
D Preamble to the Constitution

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is Preamble to the Constitution. The Preamble to the Constitution of India declares India as "Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic, Republic". Sovereignty implies that India is free and has the authority to conduct its own affairs and governance. In India, the supreme power is possessed by people of the country.

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