Current Affairs is the most important area in all competitive exams. But the difficulty level is very high. That’s why; many aspirants get confused, how to select Current Affairs for Preparation of Competitive Examination? In this Post, Daily Current Affairs 18&19 December 2022, we have tried to cover each and every point and also included all important facts from National/ International news that are useful for upcoming competitive examinations such as UPSC, SSC, Railway, State Govt. etc.
Current Affairs for Competitive Exam – 18&19 December 2022
Neeraj Chopra has become the world’s most written-about athlete in 2022: In 2022, he displaced Usain Bolt as the world’s most written-about athlete. He earlier became the first athlete from India to win the Diamond League final in the javelin.
Chopra (812 articles) is followed by Elaine Thompson-Herah (751 articles), Shelley-Ann Fraser-Pryce (698 articles), and Shericka Jackson (679 articles). Bolt featured in 574 articles. World Athletics, international governing body for the sport of athletics, revealed this citing data from a media analysis company Unicepta.
As per World Athletics’ president Sebastian Coe, for the first time this year, Usain Bolt has not led the list of the most written-about athletes of the year. Neeraj Chopra won the gold medal for India in Tokyo last year. He won silver medal at the World Athletic Championships 2022 in Eugene, Oregon. He became second Indian to win a World Championship medal after Anju Bobby George’s bronze in the women’s long jump in 2003. He will compete at the World Athletics Championships in Budapest in August 2023 and the Asian Games in Hangzhou in September 2023.
AIM-UNDP Youth Co:Lab for Young Entrepreneurs: Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), NITI Aayog and UNDP India jointly launched the 5th edition of Youth Co:Lab on December 15, 2022.
What is Youth Co:Lab?
Youth Co:Lab is the largest youth innovation movement in the Asia Pacific. It was co-created in 2017 by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and the Citi Foundation.
It is a multi-dimensional, and multi-level response to address challenges faced by the youth by positioning young people at the forefront in finding solutions to global challenges that are causing hurdles while achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Its objective is to launch a common agenda for Asia-Pacific countries to invest in and empower youth to accelerate the progress towards the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals 2030 through leadership, social innovation, and entrepreneurship.
Till date, the Youth Co:Lab initiative has been implemented in 28 countries and territories, involving 2 lakh participants, and benefiting more than 11,000 young social entrepreneurs, and supporting some 1,240 social enterprises. Young start-up founders aging 18 to 29 having solutions for real problems and/or creating meaningful co-innovation opportunities are eligible to apply and receive support under this initiative.
It was launched in India in 2019 by the UNDP India in collaboration with the Atal Innovation Mission, NITI Aayog. The fifth edition seeks to support young social entrepreneurs working to realize social change and further the implementation of the SDG target actions.
What are the focus areas for Youth Colab 2022-23?
The five thematic areas that Youth Colab 2022-23 focuses on are:
- Boosting youth’s digital and financial literacy
- Gender equality and women’s economic empowerment
- Developing financial technology solutions for biodiversity conservation
- Promoting biodiversity-friendly lifestyles through financial technologies
- Accelerating Circular Economy via Upcycling Innovations
- Behavioural Nudges for LiFE (Lifestyle For Environment)
Through this initiative, 30 early-stage startups would be supported by a springboard programme. The best performing startups will be eligible for receiving grant for scaling up their businesses.
NASA International Mission to Survey Earth’s Water: NASA has launched the newest Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) spacecraft to track nearly all the water on the surface of the Earth. It was launched atop a SpaceX rocket from Space Launch Complex 4E at California’s Vandenberg Space Force Base. It will remain operational for 3 years.
What is SWOT mission?
The Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission is a satellite altimeter jointly developed and operated by NASA and CNES (French space agency) in partnership with the space agencies of the UK and Canada.
The mission’s objective is to make the world’s first-ever global survey of the Earth’s surface water, capable of observing the finer details of the ocean surface topography and measuring the changes in the terrestrial surface water bodies. As it uses wide-swath of altimetry technology, the mission will be capable of almost completely observing the world’s oceans and freshwater bodies with repeated high-resolution elevation measurements.
It will provide the first truly global observation of the changes in water levels, stream slopes and inundation extents in rivers, lakes and floodplains. The satellite can measure the height of water in freshwater bodies and the ocean on more than 90 percent of the Earth’s surface. It can also observe ocean circulation at unprecedented scales of 15 to 25 km, which is an order of magnitude that is finer than current satellites.
The information obtained from this mission can be used to understand the ocean’s influence in climate change, impact of global warming on the waterbodies, and the preparedness of communities for disasters like floods and droughts. The satellite will start collecting data in around six months after undergoing a series of checks and calibrations.
Once operational, it will cover the entire Earth’s surface between 78 degrees south and 78 degrees north latitude at least once every 21 days. It will send back some 1 terabyte of unprocessed data each day. It is equipped with an instrument called the Ka-band radar interferometer (KaRIn), which bounces radar pulses off the surface of the water and receives the return signal using 2 antennas on either side of the spacecraft.
Bolivian film Utama won Suvarna Chakoram at IFFK 2022: Bolivian movie, Utama directed by Alejandro Loayza Grisi was awarded Suvarna Chakoram for Best Film at the 27th edition of IFFK which was held in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. ‘Utama’, directed by Alejandro Loayza Grisim, received the Suvarna Chakoram for Best Film. The Rajata Chakoram for Best Director was awarded to Tayfun Pirselimoglu for the film ‘Kerr’.
The Hungarian filmmaker, Bela Tarr was bestowed with the Lifetime Achievement Award.
Best Asian Film: Alam (Director: Firas Khoury)
Rajata Chakoram for Best Director: Tayfun Pirselimoglu for Kerr
Audience poll award: Nanpakal Nerathu Mayakkam directed by Lijo Jose Pellissery.
FIFA World Cup 2022: At the Lusail Stadium in Lusail, Qatar, Messi’s Argentina won their 3rd World Cup trophy in six final appearances in history by defeating France 4-2 on penalties (after a score of 3-3 after extra time). It had won two in 1978 and 1986 under Diego Maradona. Lionel Messi had come close to winning in 2014 but La Albiceleste lost the final 0-1 to Germany. The sole connection to Messi’s Qatari campaign in 2014 was his Golden Ball award as Tournament Player of the Year. He became the first player to take home two Golden Balls at the World Cup.
Notably: The 22nd edition of the World Cup just ended and for another 4 years for the next World Cup. Also, The 2026 World Cup will be held across three different countries, the United States, Canada and Mexico.
2022 FIFA World Cup Awards:
- Top 4 team Rankings: Argentina (Winner), France (2nd), Croatia (3rd) and Morocco (4th)
- Golden Boot Award: Kylian Mbappe (France); (8 Goals)
- Golden Ball Award: Lionel Messi (Argentina); (7 goals and registering 3 assists)
- Golden Glove Award: Emiliano Martinez (Argentina)
- FIFA Young Player Award: Enzo Fernandez Enzo Fernandez
- FIFA Fair Play Award: England
- Silver Boot Award: Lionel Messi
- Bronze Boot Award: Olivier Giroud (France)
- Silver Ball Award: Kylian Mbappe
- Bronze Ball Award: Luka Modric (Croatia)
FIFA World Cup: List of all previous winners
- 1930: URUGUAY
- 1934: ITALY
- 1938: ITALY
- 1950: URUGUAY
- 1954: GERMANY
- 1958: BRAZIL
- 1962: BRAZIL
- 1966: ENGLAND
- 1970: BRAZIL
- 1974: GERMANY
- 1978: ARGENTINA
- 1982: ITALY
- 1986: ARGENTINA
- 1990: GERMANY
- 1994: BRAZIL
- 1998: FRANCE
- 2002: BRAZIL
- 2006: ITALY
- 2010: SPAIN
- 2014: GERMANY
- 2018: FRANCE
FIFA World Cup: List of previous Golden Ball Winner
- 2018: Luka Modric (Croatia)
- 2014: Lionel Messi (Argentina)
- 2010: Diego Forlán (Uruguay)
- 2006: Zinedine Zidane (France)
- 2002: Oliver Kahn (Germany)
- 1998: Ronaldo (Brazil)
- 1994: Romário (Brazil)
- 1990: Salvatore Schillaci (Italy)
- 1986: Diego Maradona (Argentina)
- 1982: Paolo Rossi (Italy)
- 1978: Mario Kempes (Argentina)
- 1974: Johan Cruyff (Netherlands)
- 1970: Pelé (Brazil)
- 1966: Bobby Charlton (England)
- 1962: Garrincha (Brazil)
- 1958: Didi (Brazil)
- 1954: Ferenc Puskás (Hungary)
- 1950: Zizinho (Brazil)
- 1938: Leônidas (Brazil)
- 1934: Giuseppe Meazza (Italy)
- 1930: José Nasazzi (Uruguay)
FIFA World Cup: List Of previous Golden Boot Winner
- 2018: Harry Kane- England (6 goals)
- 2014: James Rodriguez- Colombia (6 goals)
- 2010: Thomas Muller- Germany(5 goals)
- 2006: Miroslav Klose- Germany (5 goals)
- 2002: Ronaldo- Brazil (8 goals)
- 1998: Davor Suker- Croatia (6 goals)
- 1994: Oleg Salenko- Russia (6 goals)
- 1990: Salvatore Schillaci- Italy (6 goals)
- 1986: Gary Lineker- England (6 goals)
- 1982: Paolo Rossi- Italy (6 goals)
- 1978: Mario Kempes- Argentina (6 goals)
- 1974: Grzegorz Lato- Poland (7 goals)
- 1970: Gerd Muller- Germany (10 goals)
- 1966: Eusebio- Portugal (9 goals)
- 1962: Florian Albert- Hungary (4 goals)
- 1958: Just Fontaine- France (13 goals)
- 1954: Sandor Kocsis- Hungary (11 goals)
- 1950: Ademir- Brazil (8 goals)
- 1938: Leonidas- Brazil (8 goals)
- 1934: Oldrich Nejedly- Czechoslovakia (5 goals)
- 1930: Guillermo Stabile- Argentina (8 goals)
FIFA World Cup 2022 Golden Ball: At the conclusion of every FIFA World Cup, several prizes are given to players who stand out during the competition. The Golden Ball is presented to the player who has performed the best overall, while the Golden Gloves and Golden Boot are among the most prestigious of these honours. The player who scored the most goals during the competition is awarded the Golden Boot.
FIFA World Cup: Messi Won Golden Ball of FIFA World Cup 2022
Lionel Messi of Argentina wins the Golden Ball 2022 FIFA World Cup for his outstanding performance. FIFA World 2022 is the last World Cup match of Messi.
What is Golden Ball?
Since 1982, when it was first awarded alongside the Golden Boot, every football competition has given out the FIFA World Cup Golden Ball award. A short list of players is created by a FIFA technical committee, and a group of media representatives then votes on them. Even if they weren’t on the team that won the title, every player is still eligible for the honour.
With 10 victories combined, Italy, Argentina, and Brazil are tied for the most wins and are now the most successful countries. The award has only been awarded to one goalkeeper (Oliver Kahn in 2002).
Messi and Mbappe are the two front-runners for the 2022 award, due to the numerous instances of game-winning brilliance they have contributed along the way. May the best runner prevail after all the tie-breaking goals and superb abilities.
FIFA World Cup Golden Ball winners
FIFA World Cup ends with a number of awards including Golden Ball, which is being handed to the player who stand out during the FIFA World Cup tournament. Below is the list of all time winners of Golden Ball awards.
|FIFA World Cup Year||Golden Ball Winner|
|Spain 1982||Paolo Rossi (ITA)|
|Mexico 1986||Diego Maradona (ARG)|
|Italy 1990||Salvatore Schillaci (ITA)|
|United States 1994||Romario (BRA)|
|France 1998||Ronaldo (BRA)|
|Republic of Korea/Japan 2002||Oliver Kahn (GER)|
|Germany 2006||Zinedine Zidane (FRA)|
|South Africa 2010||Diego Forlan (URU)|
|Brazil 2014||Lionel Messi (ARG)|
|Russia 2018||Luka Modric (CRO)|
FIFA World Cup 2022: Golden Ball Award 2022
The mega finals can now begin. Argentina, led by Lionel Messi, defeated Croatia 3-0 to clinch a place in the championship game. Frace’s match against Morocco will determine who gets the other spot. Given his outstanding achievements throughout the competition, Lionel Messi is one of these contenders for the Golden Ball. Kylian Mbappe, Antoine Griezmann, and Bruno Fernandes are a few other players.
During the World Cup in Qatar, the Argentine captain has been among the best players. The captain of the Albiceleste led his squad into the competition’s championship round. Messi has had a productive season, scoring 5 goals and dishing out 3 assists in just 6 games. His passing accuracy is 84.7, and he is regarded as the attack’s brains and the team’s beating heart. He might very well win the championship after such outstanding performances.
For Cristiano Ronaldo’s Portugal, the Portuguese attacking midfielder was electrifying on the field. The Manchester United player actively participated in Portugal’s offensive front. In his four appearances, Fernandes tallied two goals and three assists. It was regrettable that Morocco defeated Portugal in the quarterfinals.
The legendary French attacker has posed a menace to rivals. Mbappe has scored five goals and is currently tied with Messi for the tournament’s most. Mbappe has managed to assist his teammates twice in addition to scoring goals. With an accuracy rate of 83.4%, Kylian Mbappe is unquestionably a strong candidate to compete for the Golden Ball.
At the FIFA 2022 World Cup, the French attacker has been in outstanding form. Griezmann has produced the most opportunities in the tournament, ahead of Lionel Messi, playing as the ideal connection at No. 10 for the Les Blues. He has three assists overall in four outings with a staggering passing accuracy of 85%, making him a serious candidate for the prestigious Golden Ball award.
International Migrants Day 2022:
International Migrants Day 2022:: Every year on December 18, International Migrants Day is commemorated to raise awareness of the social and economic conditions that migrants face all over the world. This day is observed to guarantee that the rights of migrants are equally respected and not violated. The mobility of people is still influenced by a range of factors despite the world’s rapid growth and change.
Currently, 281 million people live outside of their home country as international migrants. International Migrants Day serves as a reminder that the challenges faced by migrants in every country remain unresolved, and policymakers must continue to develop constructive and comprehensive policies to address the issue.
International Migrants Day 2022: Significance
The day has been designated to honour the welfare, safety, and health of all migrants. During the Intergovernmental Conference in December 2018, it was decided to adopt the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly, and Regular Migration.
The concepts of shared accountability, non-discrimination, and immigrant human rights are highlighted on this day. The purpose of the day is to recognise how to manage the risks associated with migration while maximising its overall benefits for individuals and communities in the countries of origin, transit, and destination.
International Migrants Day: History
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) proclaimed December 18 as International Migrants Day on December 4, 2000. This special day came into existence after considering the enormous and rising number of migrants around the world. On this day in 1990, the UNGA adopted the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families.
Light We Carry: Overcoming in Uncertain Times:
Michelle Obama is the author of the nonfiction book The Light We Carry: Overcoming in Uncertain Times, which was released by Crown Publishing. The Light We Carry will inspire readers to examine their own lives, identify their sources of gladness, and connect meaningfully in a turbulent world. To combat her feelings of fear, powerlessness, and self-doubt, the author “shares the contents of her ‘personal toolbox’ — the routines and techniques, attitudes and convictions, and even tangible items.”
The essence of the book:
The Light We Carry: Overcoming in Uncertain Times has generally received positive reviews by book critics for herself on biography. In The Light We Carry, the former First Lady shares her practical wisdom and powerful strategies for staying hopeful and balanced in today’s highly uncertain world. A mother, daughter, spouse and friend, she shares fresh stories, her insightful reflections on change and the earned wisdom that helps her continue to “become.” With her trademark humour, candour, and compassion, she also explores issues connected to race, gender, and visibility, encouraging readers to work through fear, find strength in community, and live with boldness.
FIFA World Cup 2022 Trophy: According to rumours, Deepika Padukone will present the FIFA World Cup trophy in Qatar later this month. The trophy will be unveiled before the World Cup final on December 18. In the history of the most watched sporting event in the globe, Deepika will be the first actor to receive such a distinction. On December 18, Deepika Padukone is expected to unveil the World Cup trophy at the Lusail Iconic Stadium.
Interesting things about Deepika
- Deepika Padukone is an Indian actress who works in Hindi films. She is one of the highest-paid actresses in India, and her accolades include three Filmfare Awards She features in listings of the nation’s most popular personalities; Time named her one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2018 and awarded her the TIME100 Impact Award in 2022.
- Padukone is the founder of the Live Love Laugh Foundation, which creates awareness on mental health in India. Vocal about issues such as feminism and depression, she also participates in stage shows, has written columns for a newspaper, designed her own line of clothing for women, and is a prominent celebrity endorser for brands and products.
2022 Global Food Security Index (GFSI) Report: The British weekly The Economist published the 2022 Global Food Security Index (GFSI) study. For the third year in a row, the 11th Global Food Security Index indicates a worsening of the global food environment. threatening food security. In this report, South Africa overtook Tunisia to become the most food-secure country in Africa.
It measures the underlying drivers of food security based on the following factors:
- Quality and Safety
- Natural Resources and Resilience.
Key findings of the report:
- Vulnerability to Shocks: The global food environment is deteriorating, making it vulnerable to shocks. Significant progress was made in global food security from 2012 to 2015, with the overall GFSI score increasing by 6 percent. However, structural challenges have caused the growth of the global food system to slow down. In the past three years, the trend for the world’s overall food security environment has reversed.
- Affordability: In 2022, the GFSI suffered because of the plummeting of two of its strongest pillars – affordability, and quality and safety. The weakness in the other two pillars (availability, and sustainability and adaptation) continued during this year. Affordability (top-scoring pillar) was dragged down mainly because of the sharp rise in food inflation, declining freedom of trade and reduced funding for food safety nets.
- Widening food security gap: In 2022, 8 of the top 10 performing countries are in Europe, with Finland topping the list with a score of 83.7. It is followed by Ireland (scoring 81.7) and Norway (scoring 80.5). These countries have received high scores on all 4 pillars of the GFSI. The non-European countries in the top 10 list are Japan and Canada. The difference between the top-performing countries and countries at the lower rank has been widening since 2019, revealing the inequity in the global food system.
- Africa’s Most Food-Secure Country: South Africa, at the 59th position, was recognized as the most food-secure country in Africa. It made a record leap from the 70th rank in 2021. This comes despite the various global challenges to the country’s agriculture sectir, like climate change, the fertilizer crisis caused by the Ukraine war, inflation, etc. This is the first time that a country in Sub-Saharan Africa was the top performer in the continent. The second-best performing country in Africa is Tunisia at the 62nd position.
Global Food Security Index & India:
With a total score of 58.9, India and Algeria are ranked together in 68th place. China ranks 25th overall with a score of 74.2. India was ranked at 71st position in the Global Food Security (GFS) Index 2021 of 113 countries with an overall score of 57.2 points on the GFS Index 2021.