Current Affairs is the most important area in all competitive exams. But the difficulty level is very high. That’s why; many aspirants get confused, how to select Current Affairs for Preparation of Competitive Examination? In this Post, Daily Current Affairs 30 November 2022, we have tried to cover each and every point and also included all important facts from National/ International news that are useful for upcoming competitive examinations such as UPSC, SSC, Railway, State Govt. etc.
Current Affairs for Competitive Exam – 30 November 2022
SEBI gives nod to Sundararaman Ramamurthy as MD and CEO of BSE: BSE Ltd on Monday said that it received consent from the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) to appoint Sundararaman Ramamurthy as the managing director (MD) and chief executive officer (CEO) of the exchange. His appointment is subject to the approval of the shareholders, BSE said in an exchange filing.
November 2022 Current Affairs Quiz
The top position was vacant since July when Ashishkumar Chauhan, who stepped down as the chief executive of BSE. His appointment is subject to the approval of the shareholders. At present, he is the chief operating officer of the India arm of Bank of America Corp, and has previously worked as a senior vice president at NSE.
BSE had earlier said that an executive management committee of the exchange will be running its affairs till the appointment of the new MD and CEO.
Ministry of Rural Development launched ‘Nai Chetna’ Gender Campaign: ‘Nai Chetna’ campaign was launched by the Ministry of Rural Development and involves sensitizing women, especially in rural areas.
Aim: To enable women to acknowledge, prepare, and take support in situations of comprise.
This campaign was launched on the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against women on 25th November 2022. ’Nai Chetna’, the month-long campaign is envisioned as a ‘Jan Andolan’ (people’s movement). The campaign is launched by the Ministry of Rural Development and involves sensitizing women, especially in rural areas. It seeks to enable women to acknowledge, prepare and take support in situations of compromise. The Union Minister described that the campaign’s focus is women in rural areas. Often, women in rural areas are unaware of the various mechanisms available to raise their concerns.
In his address, the Union Minister highlighted the sensitivity of the issue. He said, “It is sad that a large number of men and women still consider gender-based violence normal. Such a perspective needs to be changed.”
The campaign also aims to raise awareness about the institutional mechanisms available for women to fight gender-based violence.
Power Ministry launches scheme for procurement of aggregate power: Ministry of Power has launched a scheme for procurement of aggregate power of 4500 MW for five years under SHAKTI Policy. PFC Consulting Limited (A wholly owned subsidiary of PFC Ltd) has been designated as the Nodal Agency by the Ministry of Power. Under the scheme, PFC Consulting Ltd has invited bids for the supply of 4,500 MW. Supply of electricity will commence from April 2023. Ministry of Coal has been requested to allocate around 27 MTPA for this.
Aim: To help states that are facing power shortage and help generation plants to increase their capacities.
PFC Consulting Limited has been designated as the nodal agency. Under the scheme, PFC Consulting Ltd has invited bids for the supply of 4,500 MW. Supply of electricity will commence from April 2023.
The Ministry of Power had notified the Guidelines for procurement of power on Finance, Own and Operate (FOO) basis under para B (v) of the SHAKTI Policy on 25th October 2022. The methodology for coal allocation as per provisions of Para B (v) of SHAKTI policy was issued on 11th May, 2022.
Tamil Nadu CM inaugurates SIPCOT industrial park: Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M K Stalin inaugurated the SIPCOT Industrial Park at Eraiyur in Perambalur district, and laid the foundation stone for the Phoenix Kothari Footwear Park there on Monday.
This is the first SIPCOT (State Industries Promotion Corporation of Tamil Nadu Limited) industrial park in the industrially backward district of Perambalur. The park established on 243.49 acre in Eraiyur on the Chennai-Tiruchy national highway follows the announcement of the government for 2022-23 to promote industrial development in the districts of Coimbatore, Perambalur, Madurai, Vellore, and Tiruvallur.
He has also laid the foundation stone for the Phoenix Kothari Footwear Park. SIPCOT (State Industries Promotion Corporation of Tamil Nadu Limited) industrial park in the industrially backward district of Perambalur. The park established on 243.49 acre in Eraiyur on the Chennai-Tiruchy national highway.
India-Malaysia joint military Exercise Harimau Shakti 2022 begins: India–Malaysia joint military exercise “Harimau Shakti 2022” commenced at Pulai, Kluang, Malaysia on 28th November 2022. The annual training exercise between the Indian and Malaysian Army will culminate on 12th December 2022.
Aim: To enhance the defence cooperation between Indian Army and the Malaysian Army.
In the Harimau Shakti 2022 exercise, joint operations would include both training and operations. Combat-experienced troops of the Garhwal Rifles Regiment of the Indian Army and the Royal Malay Regiment of the Malaysian Army are participating in the exercise. It is an annual training event has been conducted since 2012.
Deepening ties of India-Malaysia Relations:
Malaysia is one of the most important countries for India’s Look East and Act East Policy. Around 7.2% of the population of Malaysia is of Indian origin. The two countries have close political, economic and socio-cultural relations. The relationship is further fostered with regular military exercises between the two countries.
This joint military exercise is unique as it is for the first time that the Armed Forces of Malaysia and India held all three joint exercises in a year. Joint Naval Exercise Samdura Laksamana was held in May 2022, followed by Joint Air Exercise Udara Shakti and presently Joint Military Exercise in August 2022.
The Joint Naval Exercise Samdura Laksamana was a field training exercise involving INS Satpura and two Royal Malaysian Navy ships, KD Perak and KD Badik. It was successfully implemented with an understanding of joint maritime operating procedures.
The Joint Air Exercise Udara Shakti witnessed the conduct of various aerial combat drills between the two Air Forces. The Indian Air Force flew Su-30 MKI and C-17 aircraft in the exercise, while the Malaysian Air Force flew Su-30 MKM aircraft.
These exercises strengthen long-standing friendships and enhance defence cooperation. The Joint Military Exercise Harimau Shakti 2022 would also improve defence cooperation between the Indian and Malaysian armies. With this, bilateral relations between the two nations would also get deepen.
India’s first private launchpad set up by AgniKul Cosmos at Sriharikota: Heralding the new era in Indian Space, Chennai-based space-tech startup AgniKul Cosmos inaugurated India’s first-ever private launchpad at Sriharikota, ISRO’s Satish Dhawan Space Centre on Monday.
The Launchpad is designed and operated by AgniKul. It has incubated at the Indian Institute of Technology-Madras, plans to guide and control its upcoming launches from this facility.
“Establishment of a private launchpad marks a significant step in opening the Indian space sector to private players and affirms the commitment of ISRO and Department of Space for facilitating the same,” the ISRO statement said, quoted PTI.
The facility was designed by Agnikul Cosmos and executed in support of ISRO and Indian National Space Promotion and Authorisation Centre (IN-SPACe). It has two sections: the Agnikul launchpad and the Agnikul mission control center.
All critical systems connecting these two sections, which are 4 km away from each other, are redundant to ensure 100% operationality during countdown. The launchpad is specifically built keeping in mind the ability to support liquid stage controlled launches. It will also cater to the needs of ISRO’s range operations team to monitor key flight safety parameters during launches.
Also the launchpad could share data and other critical information with ISRO’s Mission Control Center. In its first launch, a two-stage launch vehicle, ‘Agnibaan’ is intended to carry a payload of up to 100 kg to around 700 km altitude.
Red Planet Day 2022: November 28 is Red Planet Day, commemorating the launch of one of the most major space missions to Mars. After 3 previous attempts, Spacecraft Mariner 4 became the first successful flyby of Mars. The spacecraft took off on November 28, 1964, and arrived on Mars on July 14, 1965. The successful mission produced 22 pictures of the Martian surface. These pictures were the first-ever close-up photos to come from deep space. This mission, along with several others that occurred afterward, has helped us learn much about the red planet.
About the Mars:
The fourth planet from the Sun is the Red Planet or Mars. It has a very thin atmosphere over a dusty, chilly, desert world. Along with having seasons, polar ice caps, canyons, extinct volcanoes, and evidence that it was once even more active, Mars is a dynamic planet.
about this planet:
- It’s the iron oxide on the planet’s surface that makes it red
- Mars is half the size of Earth but it’s still the fourth largest planet.
- The minimum distance from Earth to Mars is about 33.9 million miles.
- It’s the fourth planet from the sun.
- Deimos and Phobos are the names of the two moons on Mars.
- The temperature ranges from -191 to 81 ℉.
- The atmosphere is thin and is mostly made up of carbon dioxide.
- Mars boasts the highest mountain is our solar system and it’s 3 times the height of Mount Everest.
- One year on Mars is equal to 687 Earth days.
- In 2018, scientists found evidence of a lake under a polar ice cap on Mars.
One more amazing fact is that due to the difference in gravity, a 100-pound man would only weigh 38 pounds on Mars. It’s no surprise that so many people desire to go to Mars! In fact, NASA hopes to send humans to Mars by 2030.
How many country visit Mars?
After the Cold War, which saw intense competition between the USSR and the US in terms of deepening their forays into space, other countries also launched their explorations.
NASA has a lander (Mars Insight), a rover (Curiosity), and three orbiters (Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, Mars Odyssey, MAVEN); India’s ISRO has an orbiter (Mangalyaan-1). India’s Mars Orbiter Mission, a technology demonstration venture carried five scientific payloads (total 15 kg) collecting data on surface geology, morphology, atmospheric processes, surface temperature and atmospheric escape process.
The European Union has 2 orbiters (Mars Express and ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter); and China and the UAE will each have an orbiter (Hope and Tianwen-1 respectively). The UAE mission will study the Martian atmosphere, and will seek to address the billion-dollar question of how and why Mars lost its atmosphere.
Indore Plans India’s First Retail Municipal Green Bond for Solar Plant: Indore with a strong environmental record is planning to issue the nation’s first local government bond targeting individual investors, with proceeds used to fund a solar power project.
More About This Development:
According to Divyank Singh, chief executive officer of Indore Smart City, who is working with numerous stakeholders to finalise the offering, Indore Municipal Corp. hopes to generate up to 2.6 billion rupees ($31.8 million) through a 10-year bond sale next month. The offering from Indore, which is in the central state of Madhya Pradesh, is also set to be the country’s maiden municipal green bond designed for retail investors.
Who Will Manage:
According to Singh, the issuer has appointed A.K. Capital Services Ltd. and SBI Capital Markets Ltd. as lead managers for the offering.
What Has Been Said:
We could have easily funded the power plant by getting money from banks or private players, but we have decided to reach out to the people because it gives a sense of belongingness,” Singh said. “The issuance is an alternative, newer financing source for the municipality and also opens doors for others to follow suit.”
About Its Importance: Indore’s Continuous Performance:
The green debt sale is occurring at a time when the World Bank has estimated that Asia’s third-largest economy will need to invest $840 billion over the next 15 years on urban infrastructure to meet demand from a fast-growing urban population. India’s central bank also has called on local authorities, which are heavily dependent on bank loans or government grants, to consider issuing municipal bonds to meet funding requirements.
According to a study done by the country’s housing and urban affairs ministry, Indore has been named India’s cleanest city for the sixth year in a row. The 60-megawatt solar plant will be built near Indore at a cost of 3 billion rupees, Singh said, adding that it will help the city save an electricity bill of as much as 250 million rupees a month.
NITI Aayog Releases Study Report on ‘Carbon Capture to Achieve Net Zero Emission Target by 2070: A research report titled “Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage Policy Framework and its Deployment Mechanism in India” was published. The report explores the importance of Carbon Capture, Utilisation, and Storage as an emission reduction strategy to achieve deep decarbonization from the hard-to-abate sectors. The report outlines broad level policy interventions needed across various sectors for its application.
Need Of The Study:
India has updated its NDC targets for achieving 50% of its total installed capacity from non-fossil-based energy sources, 45% reduction in emission intensity by 2030 and taking steps towards achieving Net Zero by 2070, the role of Carbon Capture, Utilisation, and Storage (CCUS) becomes important as reduction strategy to achieve decarbonization from the hard-to abate sectors.
What The NITI Aayog Said:
“CCUS can enable the production of clean products while still utilizing our rich endowments of coal, reducing imports and thus leading to an Atmanirbhar Indian economy.” said Suman Bery, Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog. Implementation of CCUS technology certainly be an important step to decarbonise the hard-to-abate sector.
CCUS projects will also lead to a significant employment generationIt is estimated that 750 mtpa of carbon capture by 2050 will generate 8-10 million full-time equivalent (FTE) job opportunities in a phased manner. “India’s dependency on the fossil-based Energy Resources is likely to continue in future, hence CCUS policy in Indian Context is needed” said Dr. V.K Saraswat, Member, NITI Aayog.
What The Report Pointed:
The report indicates that CCUS can provide a wide variety of opportunities to convert the captured CO2 to different value-added products like green urea, food and beverage form application, building materials (concrete and aggregates), chemicals (methanol and ethanol), polymers (including bio-plastics) and enhanced oil recovery (EOR) with wide market opportunities in India, thus contributing substantially to a circular economy.
Day of Remembrance for all Victims of Chemical Warfare: Every year on November 30, the Day of Remembrance for All Victims of Chemical Warfare is observed.This internationally marked day was adopted by the United Nations to remember the victims of chemical warfare. The purpose of the day is to support efforts to eliminate the use of chemical weapons and to remember those who have suffered as a result of such warfare.
Day of Remembrance for all Victims of Chemical Warfare: Significance
Day of Remembrance for All Victims of Chemical Warfare memorializes those who have lost their lives to chemical warfare. It is a day to mourn and honour the lost lives, whether they of soldiers or civilians. It is also a reminder of the cruelty of wars and how far we have come to safeguard the lives of future generations. But it is also a reminder of how much is still left to be done. The day is also commemorated to raise awareness about chemical weapons and the international laws against them. Public awareness is raised about the dangers of these weapons of mass destruction and what can be done to establish peace.
Day of Remembrance for all Victims of Chemical Warfare: History
The first international agreement limiting the use of chemical weapons can be traced back to 1675. France and Germany had come to an agreement to prohibit the use of poison bullets. This agreement was signed in Strasbourg. In 1874, the Brussels Convention on the Law and Customs of War was signed. It prohibited the employment of poison or poisoned weapons. However, the use of arms, projectiles or material to cause unnecessary suffering, though agreed upon, did not come into force.
The Hague Convention declared to ‘abstain from the use of projectiles, the sole object of which is the diffusion of asphyxiating or deleterious gasses’ in 1899. A second Hague Convention was agreed upon in 1907. It was to reiterate the earlier bans on employing poison or poisoned weapons. In 1993, the Chemical Weapons Convention was adopted. It went into effect on April 29, 1997. The United Nations established November 30 as the Day of Remembrance for All Victims of Chemical Warfare in 2005.