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Biogeography - GK Questions and Answers for competitive exams on Geography | page-10

46 Which one of the following is caused by faulty methods of irrigation ?
A Salinisation
B laterisation
C Gully erosion
D Wind erosion

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is Salinisation. Soil salinity is the salt content in the soil; the process of increasing the salt content is known as salinization.

47 When was the Project Tiger launched in India ?
A 1971
B 1972
C 1973
D 1974

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is 1973. The Govt. of India had launched “Project Tiger” on 1st April 1973 to promote conservation of the tiger. Project Tiger has been the largest species conservation initiative of its kind in the world.

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48 Which article of the Indian constitution enshrines it as one of the fundamental duties of every citizen of India to protect and improve the environment and wildlife ?
A Article- 51A
B Article- 52A
C Article- 53A
D Article- 54A

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is Article- 51A.

Article 51 A (g) specifically impose a duty upon the citizens of the nation to 'protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife, and to have compassion for living creatures.

49 Which one of the following derives energy only from Trophic level II ?
A Autotrophs
B Omnivores
C Detritivores
D Carnivores

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is Carnivores.

50 Which one of the following is one of the primary producers ?
A Duckweeds
B Insects
C Hydra
D Rotifers

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is Duckweeds. Producers are living things that create their own food. All plants are producers. Since duckweed is a plant, it is a producer.


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