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Biogeography - GK Questions and Answers for competitive exams on Geography | page-27

131 Which one of the following feed themselves on dead plant material
A Detritivores
B Carnivores
C Omnivores
D Herbivores

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is Detritivores. A detritivore is an organism that eats dead or decaying plants or animals as food. Detritivores include microorganisms such as bacteria and larger organisms such as fungi, insects, worms, and some crustaceans.

132 When was the Stockholm Environmental conference held
A 1962
B 1972
C 1982
D 1992

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is 1972. The 1972 United Nations Conference on the Environment in Stockholm was the first world conference to make the environment a major issue. Principles of the Stockholm Declaration: Human rights must be asserted, apartheid and colonialism condemned. Natural resources must be safeguarded. The Earth's capacity to produce renewable resources must be maintained.



133 How much world’s total and surface is accounted by India
A about 2%
B about 6%
C about 8%
D about 15%

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is about 2%. India occupies 2.4% of the world's land area with its 3.28 million square kilometre area. However, it holds 17.5% of the world's population. It has one of the highest population densities in the world.

134 Which article of the Indian constitution directs the state govts. to project and improve the environment and safeguard and forests and wildlife ?
A Article 47 -A
B Article 48 -A
C Article 50 -A
D Article 51 -A

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Article 48 -A. 48A. Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wild life The State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wild life of the country.

135 When was the first conference of parties to CBD (Convention of Biological Diversity) held ?
A 1997
B 1996
C 1995
D 1994

Answer: Option [D]

The First Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity was held in Nassau, the Bahamas, from 28 November to 9 December 1994. We have photos from the meeting! The decisions of the meeting and the in-session documentation are located on the UNEP gopher in Nairobi.

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