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Indian National Movement - General Awareness Questions with Answers for Civil Services Exam

Questions
41 Which of the following factors influenced the British to transfer power to the Indians?
A The Indian armed forces could no longer be relied upon for their loyalty to the British
B Revolutionary activities had affected law and order system
C Large scale labour unrest and hostile public mood
D The second world war had weakened Britain economically and politically

Answer: Option [D]

The second world war had weakened Britain economically and politically

42 Militant nationalism found expression for the first time on a large scale in the movement against :
A Non-Cooperation Movement
B Official Secret Act
C Partition of Bengal
D Rowlatt Act Agitation

Answer: Option [B]

The Official Secrets Act of 1923 is India's anti-espionage. It states that actions which involve helping an enemy state against India are strongly condemned. It also states that one cannot approach, inspect, or even pass over a prohibited government site or area.

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43 During the Indian Freedom Struggle who of the following raised an army called Free Indian Legion?
A Subhas Chandra Bose
B V. D. Savarkar
C Lala Hardayal
D Rashbehari Bose

Answer: Option [A]

Indian independence leader Subhas Chandra Bose initiated the legion's formation, as part of his efforts to win India's independence by waging war against Britain, when he came to Berlin in 1941 seeking German aid

The Indian Legion, officially the Free India Legion was a military unit raised during the Second World War initially as part of the German Army and later the Waffen-SS from August 1944.

44 “If a God were to tolerate untouchability I would not recognize him as God at all”. These words were spoken by:
A Gandhi
B Tilak
C Vivekananda
D Gokhale

Answer: Option [A]

“If a God were to tolerate untouchability I would not recognize him as God at all”. These words were spoken by M. K. Gandhi.

45 The Cripps Mission failed mainly because :
A there was nothing said about a constitution making body for India
B the Congress was no longer willing to trust the British
C it offered a clear programme for partitioning India
D the Congress demand for effective transfer of power to Indians was not met

Answer: Option [D]

The Cripps Mission failed mainly because the Congress demand for effective transfer of power to Indians was not met.

The Cripps Mission was a failed attempt in late March 1942 by the British government to secure full Indian cooperation and support for their efforts in World War II.

46 Which revolutionary died after a 64-day fast in jail, demanding treatment not as criminals but as political prisoners?
A Pulin Das
B Jatin Das
C Ananta Gupta
D Both (a) and (b)

Answer: Option [B]

Jatindra Nath Das breathed his last on September 13, 1929, after a 63-day-long fast for protecting political prisoners from injustice. Only 25 years old at the time, Das had undertaken this hunger strike along with Shaheed Bhagat Singh and other imprisoned freedom fighters in the Lahore Central Jail.

47 When Gandhiji was arrested during Salt Satyagraha who took his place as the leader of movement?
A Abdul Kalam Azad
B Abbas Tyyabji
C Sardar Patel
D Jawaharlal Nehru

Answer: Option [B]

Dandi March or Salt Satyagraha was a major nonviolent protest action in India led by Mahatma Gandhi in March–April 1930. When Gandhiji was arrested during Salt Satyagraha Abbas Tyyabji took his place as the leader of movement.

Abbas Tyabji was an Indian freedom fighter from Gujarat, and an associate of Mahatma Gandhi.

48 Consider the following statement and identify with the help of the code given below the Viceroy who made the statement and when :

In my belief, Congress is tottering to its fall one of my great ambitions while in India is to assist it to a peaceful demise.

A Lord Minto, while addressing the Muslim delegation which met him at Simla in 1906
B Lord Dufferin, during the farewell speech at Calcutta
C Lord Curzon, while announcing the partition of Bengal
D Lord Curzon, in a letter to the Secretary of States in 1900

Answer: Option [D]

Lord Curzon was the Viceroy of India in 1898. He was mainly famous for the partition of Bengal. He was very much keen to suppress the Indian national movement. He made the statement,"In my belief, Congress is tottering to its fall and one of my great ambitions while in India is to assist it to a peaceful demise."

49 The Royal Indian Navy ratings revolted in February 1946 to protest against :
A the firing on some ratings of the HMS Talwar
B the Government’s suppression of Congress activities
C the punishment meted out to the INA officials
D the treatment meted out to them

Answer: Option [D]

The Royal Indian Navy ratings revolted in February 1946 to protest against the treatment meted out to them. The mutiny started as a strike by the ratings to protest against the hardships regarding pay, food and racial discrimination.

50 The INA trials took place in the :
A Parliament House, Delhi
B Ahmednagar Fort
C Red Fort, Delhi
D Old Secretary, Delhi

Answer: Option [C]

In November 1945, the INA trials began at the Red Fort. SN Khan, PK Sahgal and GS Dhillon, the first three senior INA officers became symbols of India fighting for her Independence. Protests against the trials took place and in February and March 1946, the Royal Indian Navy and Royal Indian Air Force mutinied.

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