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Indian Independence Movement - General Knowledge for Recruitment Exams

Questions
81 Who of the following organized a National Planning Committee in 1938?
A Sardar Vallabhabhai Patel
B Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
C Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose
D Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Answer: Option [C]

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose organized a National Planning Committee in 1938. The first attempt to develop a national plan for India came up in 1938. In that year, Congress President Subhash Chandra Bose had set up a National Planning Committee with Jawaharlal Nehru as its president. However, the reports of the committee could not be prepared and only for the first time in 1948 -49 some papers came out.

82 Which of the following revolutionaries had participated in the Non-Cooperation Movement and was teacher in national school in Chittagong?
A Chandrasekhar Azad
B Bhagat Singh
C Surya Sen
D Jatin Das

Answer: Option [C]

Surya Sen had actively participated in the Non-Cooperation Movement and had become a teacher in a national school in Chittagong, which led to his being popularly known as Master da. He and his group were closely associated with the Congress work in Chittagong.

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83 Who is the author of the concept of Antyodaya ?
A Jayaprakash Narayan
B Sri Aurobindo
C Vinoba Bhave
D Mahatma Gandhi

Answer: Option [C]

Vinoba, writing in the Harijan, expressed the view that 'proper rendering of Unto This Last would be Antyodaya (Uplift of the Last) rather than Sarvodaya". But he added that because Gandhi had pieached that in working towards Sarvodaya it was necessary to begin with the last and lowest.

84 Who was the leader of the Indian revolutionary activities in America ?
A Sardarsingh Rana
B V.D. Savarkar
C Lala Hardayal
D Shyamji Krishna Varma

Answer: Option [C]

Lala Hardayal was the leader of the Indian revolutionary activities in America. Lala Har Dayal Mathur was an Indian nationalist revolutionary and freedom fighter. He was a polymath who turned down a career in the Indian Civil Service.

85 Paramdham Ashram was established by whom among the following ?
A Acharya Vinoba Bhave
B Acharya Kriplani
C Mahatma Gandhi
D None of the above

Answer: Option [A]

Paramdham Ashram was established by Acharya Vinoba Bhave in the year 1934 on the bank of river Dham in Paunar village five miles way from Wardha.

86 The clarion call ‘Dilli Chalo’ was given by:
A Lala Lajpat Rai
B Subhash Chandra Bose
C Jawaharlal Nehru
D Congress in 1942

Answer: Option [B]

The clarion call ‘Dilli Chalo’ was given by Subhash Chandra Bose. The coinage of the slogan "Dilli chalo" is attributed to Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, which was given by him during the Indian National Army (INA) movement.

87 When Subhash Chandra Bose resigned as the President of INC, who was appointed in his place?
A Pattabhi Sitaramish
B C. Rajgopalachari
C Abul Kalam Azad
D Rajendra Prasad

Answer: Option [D]

Rajendra Prasad appointed as the president of INC, soon after Subash Chandra Bose resigned in 1939.

88 The President of the Indian National Congress at the time of Indian Independence was :
A Rajendra Prasad
B Jawaharlal Nehru
C J.B. Kriplani
D Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad

Answer: Option [C]

The President of the Indian National Congress at the time of Indian Independence was J.B. Kriplani. In the Mountbatten Plan, the Partition of India was mentioned, and it was also known as the Indian Independence Act of 1947. This was put forward on June 3, 1947, by Lord Mountbatten. This resulted in the establishment of the two independent dominions called India and Pakistan. At the time of partition, the President of the Indian Nation Congress was Acharya J.B Kripalani. He had also served in India's interim government and the Constituent Assembly of India during the year 1946 to 1947.

89 The Montague-Chelmsford Report formed the basis of :
A the Indian Independence Act, 1947
B the Government of India Act, 1935
C the Government of India Act, 1919
D the Indian Council Act, 1909

Answer: Option [C]

The Montague-Chelmsford Report formed the basis of the Government of India Act, 1919. Montagu-Chelmsford Report, which formed the basis of the Government of India Act 1919, was published on 8th July 1918. The Montagu Chelmsford reforms and the ensuing Government of India Act of 1919 are important chapters in the history of the Raj.

90 The Congress policy of pray and petition ultimately came to an end under the guidance of :
A Mahatma Gandhi
B Lala Lajpat Rai
C Bal Gangadhar Tilak
D Aurobindo Ghosh

Answer: Option [C]

The Congress policy of pray and petition ultimately came to an end under the guidance of Bal Gangadhar Tilak. Bal Gangadhar Tilak described the method of three P’s – Prayer, petition and protest as political mendicancy. He propagated militancy and not mendicancy.

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