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Indian National Movement - SSC General Awareness Questions with Answers

Questions
51 In which of the following movements Bande Mataram was adopted as a slogan for agitation :
A Quit India movement in 1942
B Non-Cooperation movement in 1922
C Partition of Bengal in 1905
D Revolt of 1857

Answer: Option [C]

Bande Mataram was adopted as a slogan for agitation during partition of Bengal in 1905 . The slogan of Vande Matram was first adopted during Swadeshi Movement that was a part of the Indian Independence Movement. This movement is also referred to as Anti-Bengal Partition Movement.

52 The achievement of the Non-Cooperation Movement of 1921 was that:
A it stopped the injustice done to the Khilafat
B India obtained some political rights
C the Hindus and the Muslims came closer in political pursuit
D it avenged the Punjab atrocities

Answer: Option [B]

The achievement of the Non-Cooperation Movement of 1921 was that India obtained some political rights. The non-cooperation campaign was spearheaded by Mahatma Gandhi. In March 1920, he published a manifesto outlining the nonviolent non-cooperation movement's beliefs. The Non-Cooperation Movement of 1921 reached a watershed moment when Indians gained some political rights. It was a true mass movement, with tens of thousands of Indians taking part in peaceful protests against the government.

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53 Who of the following took the burning of the foreign clothes during the Non-Cooperation Movement as ‘insensate waste’?
A Lord Reading
B Motilal Nehru
C Rabindra Nath Tagore
D Mohammad Ali

Answer: Option [C]

Rabindra Nath Tagore took the burning of the foreign clothes during the Non-Cooperation Movement as ‘insensate waste’. During the Non-Cooperation Movement, Rabindra Nath Tagore coined the phrase "insenate waste" to describe the burning of foreign clothes.

54 Who was the founder of All India Harijan Sangh in 1932?
A Jagjivan Ram
B M. K. Gandhi
C B.R. Ambedkar
D Vinoba Bhave

Answer: Option [B]

M. K. Gandhi was the founder of All India Harijan Sangh in 1932. Harijan Sevak Sangh is a non-profit organisation founded by Mahatma Gandhi in 1932 to eradicate untouchability in India, working for Harijan or Dalit people and upliftment of the Depressed Class of India.

55 During the Indian Freedom Struggle, the Simon Commission was appointed to :
A explore the possibility of granting dominion status to India
B review the provisions of the Rowlatt Act
C determine the relations of the British Government with the Indian states
D examine the working of the reforms of 1919

Answer: Option [D]

During the Indian Freedom Struggle, the Simon Commission was appointed to examine the working of the reforms of 1919. In 1927, the British government appointed the Simon Commission two years ahead of schedule to report on India's constitutional progress for introducing constitutional reforms, as promised. The Commission was strongly opposed by many Indians.

56 Who started the Bhoodan Movement ?
A Swami Vivekananda
B Jayaprakash Narayan
C Mahatma Gandhi
D Acharya Vinoba Bhave

Answer: Option [D]

Bhoodan Movement was started by Mahatma Gandhi's disciple Vinoba Bhave in April 1951. Born spontaneously at an evening meeting in an Andhra Pradesh village, the movement saw land owners gifting land to the landless.

57 Which of the following was continuous movement based on the philosophy of Gandhiji, and not a specific movement?
A Swadeshi Movement
B Quit India Movement
C Civil Disobedience Movement
D Non-Cooperation Movement

Answer: Option [A]

Swadeshi Movement was continuous movement based on the philosophy of Gandhiji. The Swadeshi movement was a self-sufficiency movement that was part of the Indian independence movement and contributed to the development of Indian nationalism.

58 The Indian National Congress celebrated the Independence Day for the first time on :
A January 10, 1930
B January 26, 1930
C August 15, 1947
D August 26, 1930

Answer: Option [B]

The Indian National Congress celebrated the Independence Day for the first time on January 26, 1930. A public declaration was made on 26 January 1930 – a day which the Congress Party urged Indians to celebrate as 'Independence Day'.

59 Who among the following rejected the title of Knighthood and refused to accept a position in the Council of the Secretary of State of India?
A G.K. Gokhale
B Motilal Nehru
C M.G. Ranade
D B.G. Tilak

Answer: Option [A]

Gopal Krishna Gokhale (G.K. Gokhale) rejected the title of Knighthood and refused to accept a position in the Council of the Secretary of State of India. Gopal Krishna Gokhale was a great social reformer and educationist who provided exemplary leadership to India's freedom movement. A knighthood is a title that is given to a man by a British king or queen for his achievements or his service to his country.

60 Who advocated the policy of abolishing princely states in free India?
A Vallabhbhai Patel
B Jawaharlal Nehru
C C. Rajgopalachari
D Mahatma Gandhi

Answer: Option [C]

Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (popularly known as C. Rajgopalachari) advocated the policy of abolishing princely states in free India.

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