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Mughal Empire - General Knowledge | Questions for Civil Service Exam

16 Who among the following Indian rulers was a contemporary of Akbar?
A Rani Durgawati
B Raja Sawai Jai Singh
C Ahilya Bai
D Martanda Varma

Answer: Option [A]

Rani Durgavati was a contemporary o Akbar. The riches of Rani Durgavati's state drew Abdul Mazid Khan's attention. He sought and gained permission from Akbar to attack the Rani. Akbar's interest in the invasion was his wish to expand his rule over central India.

17 During the Mughal period which one of the following traders first came to India?
A Portuguese
B Dutch
C Danish
D English

Answer: Option [A]

During the Mughal period Portuguese traders first came to India.



18 Who among the following lost his kingdom in Hindustan but retrieved it after about 15 years in exile?
A Humayun
B Ala-ud-din Khilji
C Firoz Shah Tughlaq
D Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq

Answer: Option [A]

Humayun lost his kingdom in Hindustan but retrieved it after about 15 years in exile. Humayun lost Mughal territories to Sher Shah Suri, but regained them 15 years later with Safavid aid.

19 The coin rupiya was first issued by :
A Akbar
B Sher Shah Suri
C Alauddin Khilji
D Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq

Answer: Option [B]

Sher Shah issued a coin of silver which was termed the Rupiya. This weighed 178 grains and was the precursor of the modern rupee.

20 Who was the ruler of medieval India who is credited with the building of the Grand Trunk Road?
A Jahangir
B Babar
C Sher Shah Suri
D Krishnadeva Raya

Answer: Option [C]

The modern Grand Trunk Road was the result of Sher Shah Suri rebuilding the Royal Road built by Chandragupta Maurya in the 16th Century. He rerouted the Grand Trunk Road at Sonargaon and Rohtas. He increased the width of the road. He also planted shade trees and fruit trees along the road. At every two kos, he built caravanserai or roadside inns for the travelers and whoever stopped there were provided with food and shelter for free.

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