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Fundamental Rights - Political Science Objective Questions with Answers | Page-2

Questions
11 Which of these is NOT included as a Fundamental Right in the Indian Constitution ?
A Right to equal wages for equal work
B Right to Constitutional Remedies
C Right to Equality before the Law
D Right to Freedom of Speech

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is right to equal wages for equal work.

12 Which of the following can a court issue for enforcement of Fundamental Rights ?
A A decree
B A writ
C An Ordinance
D A notification

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Option B. The Supreme Court under Article 32 and High Court under Article 226 of the Constitution can issue Writs for the protection of Fundamental Rights. Any Person whose Fundamental Rights are violated can approach either of the courts.

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13 Which of the following is not a Fundamental Rights ?
A Right to equality
B Right to liberty
C Right against Exploitation
D Right to Property

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is Option D. Right to Property was repealed from the list of Fundamental Rights. This should be noted that it is a legal right & constitutional right but not a Fundamental Right.

14 What is the category in which the negotiating strategy of a strike by the Government employees falls ?
A Legal Right
B Trade Union right as common law
C Fundamental Rights of freedom of association and expression
D There is no right

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is Option A. According to the judgement pronounced by Supreme Court in 2003, Government employees have no right to strike. It said that no political party or organisation can claim a right to paralyse the economy and industrial activities of state or nation or inconvenience citizens.

15 On which of the following day, United Nations General Assembly ratified its universal declaration on human rights ?
A October 24, 1945
B December 10, 1948
C December 16, 1966
D April 25, 1995

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Option B. Human Rights Day is observed every year on 10 December — the day the United Nations General Assembly adopted, in 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR).

16 Fundamental Rights in India are guaranteed by it through
A The Right to Equality
B Right against Exploitation
C Right to Constitutional Remedies
D Education and Cultural Rights

Answer: Option [C]

Fundamental Rights in India are guaranteed by it through right to constitutional remedies. The Fundamental Rights in the Constitution are important because they are enforceable. This is called the Right to. Constitutional Remedies. It authorises the citizens to approach the Supreme Court or the High Court of a state (court of law) in case of any denial of Fundamental Rights.

17 How many Fundamental Duties are included in Indian Constitution ?
A Nine
B Ten
C Eleven
D Twelve

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Eleven. 42nd Amendment Act of 1976 added 10 Fundamental Duties to the Indian Constitution. 86th Amendment Act 2002 later added 11th Fundamental Duty to the list.

18 The Fundamental Rights in our Constitution are inspired by the Constitution of
A Canada
B Switzerland
C United Kingdom
D United State of America

Answer: Option [D]

The Fundamental Rights in our Constitution are inspired by the Constitution of united state of america. The Bill of Rights of the US inspired the Fundamental Rights in the Indian Constitution. Our leaders wanted to design a system based on social and economic equality.

19 Right to property was removed from the list of Fundamental Rights during the rule of
A Indira Gandhi Government
B Morarji Desai Government
C Narasimha Rao Government
D Vajpayee Government

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Morarji Desai Government. The Morarji Desai government eventually scrapped the fundamental right to property with the forty-fourth amendment in 1978.

20 The writs for the enforcement of Fundamental Rights are issued by
A The Parliament
B The President
C The Supreme Court
D The Election Commission

Answer: Option [C]

The writs for the enforcement of Fundamental Rights are issued by The Supreme Court. Writs can be issued for the enforcement of Fundamental Rights by both the Supreme Court and High Court. To enforce the Fundamental Rights, the Supreme Court is empowered under Article 32, to issue writs of various forms. The Article 226 empowers High Courts to issue directions, orders or writs in the nature of habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto and certiorari.

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