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Union Legislature - General Knowledge Multiple Choice Questions and Answers | Page-9

Questions
81 What is the maximum strength prescribed for State Legislative Assemblies?
A 400
B 450
C 500
D 550

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is 500. The constitution has fixed the maximum strength of a legislative assembly at 500 and minimum strength at 60. It means that its strength varies from 60 to 500 depending on the population size of the state. However, in case of Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Goa, the minimum number is fixed at 30 and in case of Mizoram and Nagaland, it is 40 and 46 respectively.

82 A member of Parliament will lose his membership of Parliament if he is continuously absent from Sessions for
A 45 days
B 60 days
C 90 days
D 365 days

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is 60 days. The Constitution provides for disqualification of a Member of Parliament (MP) if he/she is absent continuously for 60 days from the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha without permission.

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83 Which innovative discussion process is introduced by the Indian parliament to the World Parliamentary systems?
A Zero hour
B Question Hour
C Resolutions
D Presidential Speech

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is Zero hour. Zero Hour is the Indian innovation in the field of parliamentary procedures and has been in existence since 1962. It is called so because it begins at 12.00 noon. However, it does not mention in the rules of procedure. During zero hour, questions are asked about issues of public importance without prior permission.

84 Indian Parliament means
A Rajya Sabha – Lok Sabha
B Rajya Sabha – Lok Sabha – Prime Minister
C President of India - Rajya Sabha – Lok Sabha
D President of India – Vice President of India - Lok Sabha - Rajya Sabha

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is President of India - Rajya Sabha – Lok Sabha. Parliament is the supreme legislative body of India. The Indian Parliament comprises of the President and the two Houses - Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and Lok Sabha (House of the People). The President has the power to summon and prorogue either House of Parliament or to dissolve Lok Sabha.

85 The three-tier Panchayat Raj system in India was proposed by the –
A Balwant Rai Mehta Committee
B Royal Commission
C Ashok Mehta Committee
D None of the above

Answer: Option [A]

The three-tier Panchayat Raj system in India was proposed by the Balwant Rai Mehta Committee. The Balwant Rao Mehta Committee was formed in 1957. It introduced the three-tier Panchayati Raj system, which consisted of the Gram Panchayat at the village level, the Panchayat Samiti at the block level and the Zila Parishad at the district level. Q.

86 Which one of the following is the popularly elected House of the Indian Parliament?
A Lok Sabha
B Rajya Sabha
C Lok Sabha as well as Rajya Sabha
D None of the above

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is Lok Sabha. Lok Sabha is also known as the “House of the People” or the lower house. All of its members are directly elected by citizens of India on the basis of Universal Adult franchise, except two who are appointed by the President of India. Every citizen of India who is over 18 years of age, irrespective of gender, caste, religion or race, who is otherwise not disqualified, is eligible to vote for the lok sabha.

87 Which one of the following methods is used to ascertain the public opinion on important legislation?
A Recall
B Referendum
C Initiative
D None of the above

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Initiative. In political science, an initiative (also known as a popular or citizens’ initiative) is a means by which a petition signed by a certain minimum number of registered voters can force a public vote (plebiscite). The vote may be on a proposed statute, constitutional amendment, charter amendment or ordinance, or, in its minimal form, to simply oblige the executive or legislative bodies to consider the subject by submitting it to the order of the day. It is a form of direct democracy.

88 Compared with Society, the scope of State activity is
A Narrow
B Wider
C Just equal
D No comparison between the two

Answer: Option [B]

Compared with Society, the scope of State activity is Wider. Compared to society, the role of state is much wider and is increasing with parallel complexities of the modern world. The state today has to carry out several functions which were non-existent a century ago.

89 The States in India are demanding greater autonomy from the Centre in the _______ field.
A Financial
B Legislative
C Administrative
D All the above

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is All the above.

90 A joint sitting of the two Houses of Indian Parliament is presided over by the
A President of India
B Speaker of the Lok Sabha
C Vice President of India
D Attorney-General of India

Answer: Option [B]

A joint sitting of the two Houses of Indian Parliament is presided over by the speaker of the Lok Sabha. The joint sitting of the Parliament is called by the President and is presided over by the Speaker or, in his absence, by the Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha or in his absence, the Deputy-Chairman of the Rajya Sabha.

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