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Psychology Questions and Answers for Competitive Exams SSC UPSC Railways | GkSeries

46 Who among the following defined perception as a complex of sensory and imaginal elements?
1 Titchener
2 Bruner
3 Kimbell
4 Schafer

Answer: Titchener
47 Which of the following personal variables influences our perception?
1 Need
2 Value
3 Emotion
4 All of the above

Answer: All of the above
48 One type of perceptual error which is experienced by mentally disturbed and abnormal person is
1 illusion
2 hallucination
3 delusion
4 olfaction

Answer: hallucination
49 A person with normal vision is called as
1 monochromat
2 dichromat
3 trichromat
4 None of the above

Answer: trichromat
50 Hallucinations which are more commonly experienced by people include
1 visual
2 auditory
3 olfactory
4 Both (A) and (B)

Answer: Both (A) and (B)
51 Which of the following is the principle of perceptual organization?
1 Closure
2 Grouping
3 Contrast
4 All of the above

Answer: All of the above
52 The tendency to see an object's shape as unchanging regardless of the viewing angle is called
1 location constancy
2 colour constancy
3 shape constancy
4 size constancy

Answer: shape constancy
53 Illusions are
1 distractions of existing stimuli
2 the same as hallucinations
3 the result of innate mechanisms
4 not based on external reality

Answer: distractions of existing stimuli
54 Figure and ground can be suited in
1 shape perception
2 reversible figures
3 depth perception
4 nonlinear figures

Answer: reversible figures
55 The term 'cognition' refers to
1 predicting the future
2 analysis and synthesis
3 thinking and knowing
4 introspection

Answer: thinking and knowing
56 Conditional stimulus is also known as
1 natural stimulus
2 neutral stimulus
3 positive stimulus
4 discriminating stimulus

Answer: neutral stimulus
57 The process of memory that involves converting the information into a form that human memory accepts is known as
1 encoding
2 mnemonics
3 storage
4 ecology

Answer: encoding
58 Which of the following is the idea behind Maslow's famous pyramid?
1 To preserve Maslow's theory forever
2 As one takes care of the basic needs the higher needs become more relevant
3 The road to enlightenment consists of climbing the pyramid
4 It shows the three factors underlying self-actualization, one in each corner

Answer: As one takes care of the basic needs the higher needs become more relevant
59 A mental as well as physiological state which arouses an organism to act for fulfilling the current need is
1 learning
2 motivation
3 emotion
4 memory

Answer: motivation
60 After conditioning the dog, salivation started to occur in the presence of the sound of bell. The bell becomes a/an
1 unconditioned stimulus
2 conditioned stimulus
3 neutral stimulus
4 None of the above

Answer: conditioned stimulus

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