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Daily Current Affairs: 1 December 2022 | Gkseries

Current Affairs is the most important area in all competitive exams. But the difficulty level is very high. That’s why; many aspirants get confused, how to select Current Affairs for Preparation of Competitive Examination? In this Post, Daily Current Affairs 1 December 2022, we have tried to cover each and every point and also included all important facts from National/ International news that are useful for upcoming competitive examinations such as UPSC, SSC, Railway, State Govt. etc.

Current Affairs for Competitive Exam – 1 December 2022

World AIDS Day celebrates on 1st December

World AIDS Day celebrates on 1st December

World AIDS Day 2022: Every year on December 1st, the world observes World AIDS Day. People around the world unite to show support for people living with and affected by HIV and to remember those who lost their lives to AIDS. The goal of the day is to promote awareness and unite people all around the world in the fight against the global health issue of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The day provides an opportunity for people worldwide to unite in the fight against HIV, to show support for people living with HIV and to commemorate those who have died from an AIDS-related illness.

December 2022 Current Affairs Quiz

World AIDS Day 2022: Theme

The theme for World AIDS Day in 2022 is “equalize.” According to UNAIDS, “The slogan is a call to action. It is a prompt for all of us to work for the proven practical actions needed to address inequalities and help end AIDS.

World AIDS Day 2022: Significance

World AIDS Day is significant in fighting the stigma associated with the disease and focusing on providing care and support to individuals who are already infected. Like with most major public health issues, the HIV pandemic has only been presented with further challenges due to the Covid-19 pandemic.

World AIDS Day: History

World AIDS Day was first designated in August 1988 by James W. Bunn and Thomas Netter, to get some semblance of control over the pandemic that had claimed the lives of so many people. Both James W Bunn and Thomas Netter worked as public information officers for the World Health Organization’s AIDS Global Program. When the first World AIDS Day was marked in 1988, it was estimated that between 90,000 and 150,000 persons were HIV-positive, leading to AIDS.  They conveyed the idea for the observation of this day to the Director of the AIDS Global Program, Dr Johnathan Mann, who approved it for December 1. Since the 1990s, research and medical practises have made significant improvements in the care of HIV patients.

Senior journalist Ravish Kumar resigns from NDTV following Adani acquisition

Senior journalist Ravish Kumar resigns from NDTV following Adani acquisition

Senior journalist Ravish Kumar resigns from NDTV following Adani acquisition: Ramon Magsaysay award-winning journalist Ravish Kumar has resigned from NDTV on Wednesday, just a day after the channel’s founders and promoters Prannoy Roy and Radhika Roy resigned as directors from the board of the news broadcaster’s promoter entity RRPR Holding Private Limited. The departure of the senior journalists comes after the news channel was acquired by the Adani Group, which holds 29.18% of the company.

December 2022 Current Affairs Quiz

Prannoy Roy and his wife Radhika Roy had resigned as Directors on the Board of RRPR Holding Private Limited, the company said in a regulatory filing on Tuesday. RRPR Holding’s board of directors has approved the immediate appointment of Sudipta Bhattacharya, Sanjay Pugalia, and Senthil Sinniah Chengalvarayan as Directors.

Career of Ravish Kumar in NDTV:

Kumar, a winner of the Ramon Magsaysay award, used to host a number of programs including the channel’s flagship weekday show Hum Log, Ravish ki Report, Des Ki Baat, and Prime Time. He has also twice received the Ramnath Goenka Excellence in Journalism Award.

Whole story of the acquisition:

  • Adani group in August bought VCPL and sought to convert the warrants into shares. NDTV promoters first resisted the transaction, claiming they were not consulted, but relented earlier this week and allowed the conversion, giving VCPL a 99.5% share in RRPR Holding.
  • With Adani group controlled entity VCPL firmly in the saddle of RRPR Holdings, the Roys resigned as directors of the company.
  • RRPR, or Radhika Roy Prannoy Roy Holdings Private Limited, till now was classified as a promoter entity. It owned 29.18 percent of the news channel. Prannoy Roy owns 15.94% of NDTV, with Radhika Roy owning the remaining 16.32%. (together 32.26 per cent).
  • Post acquisition of VCPL, Adani group launched an open offer to acquire a 26 per cent stake in NDTV. That offer opened on November 22, and will close on December 5.
  • The offer has got offers for 53.27 lakh shares, or one-third of the entire open offer size. This despite the deep discount of the open offer price in comparison to the current stock levels.
  • The NDTV stock is up 5% on the BSE at Rs 447.70, compared to the Adani group’s open offer price of Rs 294 a share. The ports-to-energy conglomerate is seeking as much as 1.67 crore shares or 26 per cent of equity from NDTV’s minority investors.
  • A successful open offer will give Adani group a controlling stake of just over 55 per cent and it may then seek to oust Roys from the board of the channel. Pugalia is the chief executive officer and editor-in-chief of media initiatives at Adani Group.

BSF celebrates its 58th Raising Day on December 01

BSF celebrates its 58th Raising Day on December 01

58th BSF Raising Day: India celebrates the 58th BSF Raising Day (1st December) in 2022. This is for the first time that the Raising Day Parade of India’s first line of defense is being held in Punjab and the second time outside the national capital. The Border Security Force (BSF) will hold its 58th Raising Day Parade on the Guru Nanak Dev University campus on December 4.

December 2022 Current Affairs Quiz

BSF Raising Day – History and Significance

The BSF, which was established in 1965, is primarily responsible for securing India’s borders with Bangladesh and Pakistan. The Border Security Force (BSF) comprises Indian armed personnel dedicated to protecting the sovereignty and integrity along the Indo-Bangladesh and the Indo-Pakistan borders. Beginning with BSF Raising Day, personnel roll across Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab, and Jammu and Kashmir, securing the LoC (Indo-Pakistan border) from rogue elements attempting to enter along the western borders.

They operate in West Bengal, Meghalaya, Assam, Mizoram, and Tripura along the Indo-Bangladesh border. The jurisdictions of BSF empower them to act within 50-km of the international border in these states. BSF has an anti-Naxal HQ in Bangalore. It provides oversight to the various battalions dedicated to fighting Naxalites in the red corridor region. The BSF has played an exemplary role in counter-Naxalite and counter-insurgency operations over the last 4-decades. It also tackled counter-insurgency in the Seven Sisters states and played a vital role in eliminating anti-national elements across India.

Since its raising, the contribution of BSF to national security has a rich legacy as the brave recipient of the Mahavir Chakra. During the insurgency in 1990 over Jammu and Kashmir, BSF played a crucial role in limiting it from spreading to the neighbouring states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab.

IAS officer Preeti Sudan appointed as a member of UPSC

IAS officer Preeti Sudan appointed as a member of UPSC

IAS officer Preeti Sudan appointed as a member of UPSC: Preeti Sudan, an Andhra Pradesh cadre IAS officer and former health secretary, has took the oath of office and secrecy as a Member of the UPSC. The oath was administered to her by the UPSC chairman Dr Manoj Soni. Sudan will step down as Union Health Secretary in July 2020. She also served as Secretary of Food and Public Distribution, as well as in the Ministries of Women and Child Development and Defense.

December 2022 Current Affairs Quiz

Career of Preeti Sudan:

Preeti Sudan holds an M.Phil in Economics and an MSc in Social Policy and Planning from the LSE. Amongst her notable contributions have been initiating two major flagship programmes of the country, i.e., Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao and Ayushman Bharat, apart from Legislation on National Medical Commission, Allied Health Professionals Commission & ban on E-cigarettes. Sudan also was a consultant for the World Bank. She served as Chair of COP-8 of Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, Vice Chair of Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health, Chair of Global Digital Health Partnership and as member of WHO’s Independent Panel for Pandemic Preparedness and Response.

About UPSC members:

The UPSC is led by a chairperson and has a maximum membership of ten members. With Sudan’s appointment, there is still a vacancy of four members in the Commission. The UPSC is India’s principal central recruitment agency for all Group ‘A’ officers employed by the Government of India. The body conducts civil services examination annually in three stages — preliminary, main and interview — to select officers of Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS) and Indian Police Service (IPS) among others.

Uttarakhand Government appoints Prasoon Joshi as its Brand Ambassador

Uttarakhand Government appoints Prasoon Joshi as its Brand Ambassador

Uttarakhand Government appoints Prasoon Joshi as its Brand Ambassador: Prasoon Joshi, CEO & CCO of McCann Worldgroup India, has been named as the state’s brand ambassador by the Uttarakhand government. Padma Shri awardee Prasoon Joshi is currently the Chairman of the Central Board of Film Certification (Censor Board). He is a famous and highly awarded member of the Indian advertising and media fraternity. Joshi has also written the lyrics for songs in popular Bollywood movies such as Rang De Basanti, Fanaa and Taare Zameen Par. He also penned the screenplay for the award-winning 2013 film Bhaag Milkha Bhaag.

December 2022 Current Affairs Quiz

Why Prasoon Joshi appointed as state’s brand ambassador?

Prasoon Joshi is a native of Uttarakhand, the state administration has authorised the director general of culture to enter a Memorandum of Understanding with Joshi in this regard. Joshi is well-known for his work and content creation in the fields of advertising, poetry, songwriting, and cinema. His socially relevant campaigns like Malnutrition Polio eradication, Women empowerment Ministry of tourism, and the Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan (Clean India) have all won accolades and found deep and powerful consumer connect. He was also a key architect of the 2014 National Election campaign. Joshi’s campaign for HappyDent gum, “The HappyDent Palace,” was ranked as one of the “Top 20 Campaigns of the 21st Century” by The Gunn Report.

Awards to Prasoon Joshi:

Earlier this month, the Uttarakhand government bestowed the Uttarakhand Gaurav Samman honour to Joshi for his contributions to art, literature, culture and advertising. He has received several prestigious international honours, including the World Economic Forum’s Young Global Leader award in 2006.  He was also the first Asian to become the jury president at the Cannes International Festival of Creativity in 2014 for the prestigious Titanium category.

Mumbai ranks 22nd in Global Prime Cities Index by Knight Frank

Mumbai ranks 22nd in Global Prime Cities Index by Knight Frank

Mumbai ranks 22nd in Global Prime Cities Index by Knight Frank: According to Knight Frank, Mumbai was ranked 22nd in a global index that analyses annual price appreciation of premium residential properties. In its report on ‘Prime Global Cities Index Q3 (July-September) 2022’, Property consultant Knight Frank said that all three Indian cities: Mumbai, Bengaluru and New Delhi, registered an increase in average annual prices in the third quarter of 2022.

December 2022 Current Affairs Quiz

Key points in the report:

  • The prime global cities index is a valuation-based index that tracks the movement of prime residential prices in local currency in 45+ locations around the world. Mumbai moved up to 22nd rank in the third quarter of 2022 from 39th rank in the year-ago period.
  • Bengaluru’s rank also moved up to 27th as against 41st, while New Delhi’s position improved to 36th rank from 38th rank.
  • According to the consultant, the price increase is due to strong market sentiment, appropriate affordability, still low loan rates compared to 2019, and a far more stable economic and business environment in relative to many developed economies.
  • While increasing mortgage rates have weighed down prime residential markets globally, he said that the Indian prime residential market has been relatively strong and should be able to sustain the momentum till the end of 2022.

Prime Global Cities Index Q3: Globally

  • The report further cited that Dubai recorded the fastest rise in prime prices with an 88.8 per cent increase during a 12-month change (Q3 2021- Q3 2022), while Wellington was the weakest performing market with a decline of 18 per cent.
  • Some European cities registered strong performance in prime prices during Q3 2022. Zurich (10.7%), Edinburgh (9.9%), Berlin (9.4%), Dublin (8.6%), and Madrid (5.6%) have all risen the rankings in the last 12 months despite the drop-in sentiment and the slowdown in the Eurozone’s economy.

Indian Army is training dogs and Kites to Identify Foreign Drones

Indian Army is training dogs and Kites to Identify Foreign Drones

Indian Army is training dogs and Kites to Identify Foreign Drones: Indian Army is training dogs and Kites (Cheel), to identify and destroy the drones. Hostile elements from Pakistan are sending drugs, arms, and ammunition to India through drones which are creating a security problem for India. On November 24, 2022, Jammu and Kashmir police recovered a consignment of weapons and Indian currency dropped by a Pakistani drone in Jammu’s Samba district.

December 2022 Current Affairs Quiz

Indian Army is training dogs and Kites to Identify Foreign Drones – Key Points

  • The dogs alert the Amry after hearing the noise of the drones and the kite is used to identify the location of the drones.
  • The kite named “Arjun” was trained and demonstrated during the ongoing 18th edition of the Indo-US Joint training exercise “Yudh Abhyas 22” in Auli.
  • The 18th edition of the Indo-US Joint Training Exercise “Yudh Abhyas 22” was held from October 14th to October 31st, 2022 in Auli, Uttarakhand.
  • Earlier this month, BSF Director General Pankaj Kumar Singh informed that instances of drones bringing drugs, arms, and ammunition along the Punjab and Jammu borders from across Pakistan have doubled in 2022.
  • He also informed that BSF has set up a state-of-the-art laboratory in Delhi to study drone forensics and the results have been encouraging. In 2020, the BSF detected over 79 drone flights near the India-Pakistan international border.

Vice Chairperson of Toyota Kirloskar Motor, Vikram S Kirloskar passes away

Vice Chairperson of Toyota Kirloskar Motor, Vikram S Kirloskar passes away

Vice Chairperson of Toyota Kirloskar Motor, Vikram S Kirloskar passes away: Vikram S Kirloskar, a pioneer of India’s automotive sector and Toyota Kirloskar Motor vice chairman, has died. He was 64. Toyota Kirloskar Motor (TKM), which sells a range of vehicles, is a joint venture between the Japanese auto major Toyota Motor Company and the Kirloskar Group. Vikram Kirloskar, a pioneer in India’s automotive industry, was instrumental in importing Toyota Motor Corp in Japan to India in the late 1990s.  He had a mechanical engineering degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, US.

December 2022 Current Affairs Quiz

A fourth-generation member of the Kirloskar Group that started in 1888, Kirloskar was the chairman and managing director of Kirloskar Systems Ltd and vice chairman of Toyota Kirloskar Motor. The Kirloskar Group mainly manufactures pumps, engines, and compressors, as well as other related items.

Vikram S Kirloskar participates in a variety of extracurricular activities at MIT. Vikram later served on the Board of Trustees of The Rhode Island School of Design. Vikram started working in his family business after college, initially in production engineering. Early in his career, he designed and developed a variety of processes and machine tools.  He was involved in opening the import licensing for capital equipment while serving on the government’s development council for machine tools in the late 1980s.

FSSAI approved Yak as a ‘food animal’

FSSAI approved Yak as a ‘food animal’

FSSAI approved Yak as a ‘food animal’: The Food Safety and Standard Authority of India has recognised the Himalayan Yak as a “food animal” (FSSAI). The move is expected to help slow the decline of the high-altitude bovine animal population by incorporating it into the conventional milk and meat industries, according to an official at the National Research Centre (NRC) on Yak in Dirang, West Kameng district, Arunachal Pradesh. The ‘food animal’ tag will become official once approved by a competent authority and published in the gazette. The ‘food animal’ tag will become official once approved by a competent authority and published in the gazette.

December 2022 Current Affairs Quiz

The FSSAI’s recognition of the Yak as a food-producing animal will help farmers benefit economically from rearing the animal and will open up several vistas of economic benefits for both farmers and food processors. Yaks have traditionally been raised through a primitive, unorganised, and complex transhumance system. It is widely assumed that the FSSAI’s declaration of the yak as a food animal will pave the way for its commercial rearing and consumption through the use of the yak-rearing model developed by NRC-Yak.

What is Yak?

YAK is a mountain cow that lives at the world’s highest altitudes. YAK originated in the Himalayas of Nepal, Tibet, and Mongolia before being introduced to the United States, Canada, New Zealand, and parts of Europe. YAKs are animals with bigger lungs and hearts, as well as a better capacity for oxygen delivery through their blood, due to the persistence of hemoglobin throughout life.

In India, Yak is found throughout the Himalayan region — Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, North Bengal, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Ladakh and Jammu and Kashmir.

Monkeypox Disease Name Changed to Mpox by WHO

Monkeypox Disease Name Changed to Mpox by WHO

Monkeypox Disease Name Changed to Mpox by WHO: The World Health Organisation has changed the name of the disease Monkeypox to Mpox, as they receive complaints about the word Monkeypox conjuring up racist tropes and stigmatizing patients. The recommendation comes in the wake of outbreaks in Europe and the United States that began around six months ago.

December 2022 Current Affairs Quiz

Monkeypox Disease Name Changed to Mpox by WHO

Mpox has been circulating for decades in rural developing areas of Central and West Africa.  WHO will adopt the term Mpox in its communications and encourages others to follow these recommendations. This decision was made in order to reduce the continued negative impact of the current name and the adoption of the new name. The name was inspired by a colony of caged lab monkeys in Denmark, where the virus was first identified by researchers. The WHO has promoted new criteria for naming infectious diseases. According to the recommendations, names should try to prevent needless negative impacts on travel, tourism, or animal welfare. The criteria also avoid causing any offense to culture, social, national, regional, professional, or ethnic groups. The critics informed that Monkeypox reinforced ugly western stereotypes about Africa as a reservoir of pestilence and sexually transmitted pathogens. It was also advised that it contributed to racial beliefs strongly rooted in American culture that compare Black people to primates.

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