Biogeography - GK Objective Type Questions and Answers on Geography

Questions
6 The following are the four types of soils. Among them the formation of one soil is different from other three. Identify it.
A Khadar
B Bhangar
C Bhabar
D Regur

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is Regur.

7 Which of the following not a factor in soil formation ?
A Relief
B Climate
C Natural vegetation
D Deforestation

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is Deforestation. Deforestation is the purposeful clearing of forested land. Throughout history and into modern times, forests have been razed to make space for agriculture and animal grazing, and to obtain wood for fuel, manufacturing, and construction.

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8 The condition/conditions of formation of laterite soil is :
A High temparature
B Heavy rainfall
C Erosion
D Both [A] and [B]

Answer: Option [D]

The condition/conditions of formation of laterite soil is Both [A] and [B]. The laterite soil develops in areas with high temperature and heavy rainfall. This is the result of intense leaching due to heavy rain.

9 Consider the following statements about the soils of India :
I. High temperature during most of the year retards formation of humus
II. Soils which have humus require regular application of chemical fertilizers to remove nitrogen deficiency
III. Titanium salts in basalt impart black colour to the soils of Indian plateau
IV. Red soils are confined to the peripheral areas of the Indian plateau
A I and II
B I, III and IV
C II and III
D II and IV

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is I, III and IV.

The correct statements are

  • High temperature during most of the year retards formation of humus
  • Titanium salts in basalt impart black colour to the soils of Indian plateau
  • Red soils are confined to the peripheral areas of the Indian plateau
10 Among the following places, the average annual rainfall is highest at :
A Chennai
B Kolkata
C Shillong
D Guwahati

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Shillong. The average annual rainfall is highest at Shillong with average precipitation of 3385 mm. The Shillong lies on 1471m above sea level and the climate is warm and temperate in Shillong. The summers here have a good deal of rainfall, while the winters have very little. The summers here have a good amount of rainfall, while the winters have very little.

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