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GK Questions and Answers on Climate | General Awareness Questions on Climate

Questions
16 Which layer of the atmosphere extend's from the Earth's surface upto 6-8 miles and experiences decrease in temperature in constant rate ?
A Stratosphere
B Troposphere
C Mesosphere
D Thermosphere

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Troposphere. The portion of the atmosphere which extends from the earth's surface up to 6-8 miles and experiences decrease in temperature at a constant rate is the Troposphere.

17 What is the most important factor in thunderstorms development ?
A Atmospheric stability
B Atmospheric pressure
C Atmospheric stability
D Temperature inversion

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Atmospheric stability. Atmospheric stability, or more importantly, instability, also plays an important role in thunderstorm development. Rising air is needed to produce clouds, and rapidly rising air is needed to produce thunderstorms. For air to rise rapidly, it must become buoyant compared to the surrounding air.

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18 Which one of the following is not a form of precipitation ?
A Hall
B Fog
C Snowfall
D Rainfall

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Fog. Fog is not a form of precipitation instead it's a colloid as the water vapors in the fog do not condense sufficiently to precipitate.

19 Shadow effect is associated with which one of the following rainfall ?
A Cyclonic rainfall
B Orographic rainfall
C Convectional rainfall
D Frontal rainfall

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Orographic rainfall. Rainshadow effect is associated with mountains and this kind of rainfall involving geological structures are known as Orographic rainfalls.

20 A layer in the Earth's atmosphere called Ionosphere facilitates radio communication. Why ?
I. The presence of ozone causes the reflection of radio waves to Earth
II. Radio waves have a very long wavelength
A I only
B II only
C Both I and II
D Neither I nor II

Answer: Option [D]

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