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General Awareness Questions with Answers on Climatology | Geography Questions GkSeries

Questions
66 The atmospheric layer farthest from the Earth’s surface is known as
A Stratosphere
B Ionosphere
C Exosphere
D Mesosphere

Answer: Option [C]

The atmospheric layer farthest from the Earth’s surface is known as Exosphere. Exosphere is the farthest layer of atmosphere from Earth's surface, it is located beyond thermosphere. It extends from the hiight of about 600 km to 10000 km.

67 Which of the following phenomena is supposedly associated with global warming ?
A E1 Nino Modoki
B La Nino
C E1 Nino
D Southern Oscillations

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is E1 Nino Modoki. ElNINO is a climate pattern that describes the unusual warming of surface waters in the eastern Pacific Ocean.

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68 Wind rose represents :
A wind data
B wind turbulance
C wind pressure
D wind temperature

Answer: Option [B]

Wind rose represents wind turbulance. The modern wind rose used by meteorologists gives the percentage of the time the wind blows from each direction during the observation period; it sometimes shows the strengths of these winds and the percentage of the time calm air or light winds are observed.

69 Subtropical high pressure belts are otherwise called
A Roaring forties
B Screeching sixties
C Furious fifties
D Horse latitudes

Answer: Option [D]

Subtropical high pressure belts are otherwise called Horse latitudes. The subtropical high pressure belt region is also known as the horse latitude. These latitudes are characterised by calm winds and little precipitation.

70 Atmospheric temperature increasing at the higher altitudes is called
A Inversion
B Radiation
C Conduction
D Convection

Answer: Option [A]

Atmospheric temperature increasing at the higher altitudes is called Inversion. The reversal of the normal behaviour of temperature in the troposphere in which a layer of cool air at the surface is overlain by a layer of warmer air is known as temperature inversion. Inversions play an important role in determining cloud forms, precipitation, and visibility.

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