# Multiple Choice Questions & Answers on APSC Philosophy Optional | GkSeries

31 Which of the following statements is false?
1 Proposition has three constituents
2 Copula is called component by the modern logicians
3 Proposition may be either true or false
4 Proposition is the fundamental unit of logic

32 'It is raining' is an example of
1 subject-predicate proposition
2 relational proposition
3 subjectless proposition
4 general proposition

33 Which of the following statements is true?
1 Logic is a normative science
2 Logic is a natural science
3 Logic is a formal science
4 Logic is a positive science

Answer: Logic is a formal science
34 "Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam was a great scientist." This is an example of
1 class membership proposition
2 subject-predicate proposition
3 relational proposition
4 general proposition

35 In which form of immediate inference the inferred proposition is always equivalent to
1 conversion
2 obversion
3 contraposition
4 inversion

36 Class membership proposition is symbolized as
1 aEF
2 XRY
3 S-P
4 p]q

37 In the first figure of syllogism the major premise must be
1 affirmative
2 particular
3 universal
4 negative

38 Material validity of induction is based upon
1 observation and experiment
2 law of uniformity of nature
3 law of causation
4 inductive generalization

39 Test the following syllogism and mention the fallacy involved in any All jewels are precious stones. Ananda Ram Barua is a jewel. .'. Ananda Ram Barua is a jewel.
1 Fallacy of illicit major
2 Fallacy of illicit minor
3 Fallacy of undistributed middle
4 Fallacy of ambiguous middle

40 The method of agreement is called a method of
1 proof
2 discovery
3 experiment
4 None of the above

41 For the method of difference we need only
1 one instance
2 two instances
3 three instances
4 four instances

42 Which of the following statements about hypothesis is true?
1 A hypothesis is always formed in a vacuum
2 A hypothesis is not provisional in character
3 A hypothesis is a tentative proposition
4 A hypothesis is the conclusion of inductive enquiry

Answer: A hypothesis is a tentative proposition
43 One predicate universal proposition is a type of
1 simple proposition
2 compound proposition
3 universal proposition
4 general proposition

44 Ethics is concerned with
1 factual judgement
2 descriptive judgement
3 atomic judgement
4 value judgement