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Union and State Executive - Indian Politics General Knowledge Questions and Answers | Page-5

Questions
41 When the offices of both the President and Vice President of India are vacant, who will discharge their functions?
A Chief Justice of India
B Prime Minister
C Chief Minister
D The Speaker of the Lok Sabha

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is Chief Justice of India. When the offices of both the President and Vice-President of India are vacant, then their functions will be discharged by Chief justice of India.

42 Who is eligible to cast the deciding vote over a bill in a Joint Parliamentary session?
A Prime Minister
B Speaker of Lok Sabha
C Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha
D Chairman of the Rajya Sabha

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Speaker of Lok Sabha. Joint Session of Parliament is called when a Bill is passed by one House and rejected by the other House and in case where the amendment proposed to a Bill in one House is rejected by other House and also in case the other House sits on a Bill without taking any action for six months.

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43 The Electoral College that elects the President of India consists of
A Members of the Lok Sabha and State Assemblies
B Elected members of all the State Legislatures
C Elected members of the Rajya Sabha and State Legislatures
D Elected members of the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and State Assemblies

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is Option [D]. The President is elected by indirect election by an electoral college consisting of the elected members of both houses of Parliament, the elected members of the State Legislative Assemblies of all States and the elected members of the legislative assemblies of two Union Territories(Puducherry and Delhi).

44 The Balwant Rai Mehta Committee was associated with-
A Panchayati Raj
B Banking reforms
C Industrial Policy
D Centre-State relations

Answer: Option [A]

The Balwant Rai Mehta Committee was associated with Panchayati Raj. Panchayat Raj system can be defined as the decentralization of administration. Though ancient India had a tradition of local self-government, after independence, the system was given constitutional mandate. In 1955, the Central government formed a committee under the chairmanship of Balwantrai Mehta. This committee recommended a three-tier local administration system.

45 Who was the Chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Constitution?
A J.L. Nehru
B Rajendra Prasad
C B.R. Ambedkar
D J.B. Kripalani

Answer: Option [C]

B.R. Ambedkar was the Chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Constitution. On 29 August 1947, the Constituent Assembly set up a Drafting Committee under the Chairmanship of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar to prepare a Draft Constitution for India. While deliberating upon the draft Constitution, the Assembly moved, discussed and disposed of as many as 2,473 amendments out of a total of 7,635 tabled.

46 Which Government agency is responsible for the mapping and exploration of minerals in India?
A Survey of India
B Geological survey of India
C School of Mines
D Minerals Development Corporation

Answer: Option [B]

Geological survey of India is responsible for the mapping and exploration of minerals in India. The principal function of GSI relate to creation and updation of national geoscientific data and mineral resource assessment, air-borne and marine surveys and conducting multifarious geo- technical, geo-environmental and natural hazards studies, glaciology, seismotectonics, etc.

47 Who was the First Speaker of Independent India’s Lok Sabha?
A Rabi Ray
B Hukam Singh
C Bali Ram Bhagat
D G.V. Mavalankar

Answer: Option [D]

G.V. Mavalankar was the First Speaker of Independent India’s Lok Sabha. The first speaker of the Lok Sabha was Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar and was in office from 1952 to 1956. He joined the Indian Independence Movement and was appointed as the secretary of the Gujarat Provincial Congress Committee for a short period of time.

48 In which country Financial Legislation is introduced in the Upper House of the Legislature?
A Germany
B Australia
C France
D Japan

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is Germany. In Germany, Financial Legislation is introduced in the Upper House of the Legislature. Aside from this there are only three countries where financial legislation may be introduced in the upper house - India, where the budget is introduced in both houses simultaneously, and Italy and Switzerland where the chambers have equal powers over all legislation.

49 The Vice- President of India is also the
A Head of the State
B Head of the Government
C Speaker of Lok Sabha
D Ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha

Answer: Option [D]

The vice president is also a member of the Parliament of India as the ex officio chairman of the Rajya Sabha.

50 The Bureaucracy performs
A Only judicial functions
B Only Legislature functions
C Only administrative functions
D Administrative as well as quasi-judicial and quasi-legislative functions

Answer: Option [D]

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