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Union and State Executive - Indian Politics General Knowledge Questions and Answers | Page-7

Questions
61 Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as the first President of India by
A Parliament
B People of India
C Electoral College
D Constituent Assembly

Answer: Option [D]

Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as the first President of India by Constituent Assembly. When India became a republic in 1950, Prasad was elected its first president by the Constituent Assembly. From 1946 to 1949 he presided over the Indian Constituent Assembly and helped to shape the constitution. He was unanimously elected president in 1950 and, after the first general election (1952), was chosen by an overwhelming majority of the new electoral college; in 1957 he was elected to a third term.

62 The members of Estimates Committee are
A Elected from Lok Sabha only
B Elected from Rajya Sabha only
C Nominated by the Speaker of the Lok Sabha
D Elected from both Lok Sabha Rajya Sabha

Answer: Option [A]

The members of Estimates Committee are elected from lok Sabha only.

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63 Who is the chief advisor to the Governor?
A President
B Chief Minister
C Speaker of the Lok Sabha
D Chief Justice of Indian Supreme Court

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Chief Minister. The Chief Minister is the chief adviser to the Governor. Generally the Governor exercises all his functions on the advice of the Chief Minister.

64 The term of office of the member of the UPSC is
A 4 years, or till they attain 58 years of age
B 5 years, or till they attain 60 years of age
C 6 years, or till they attain 65 years of age
D 6 years

Answer: Option [C]

The term of office of the member of the UPSC is 6 years, or till they attain 65 years of age. The chairman and members of the UPSC hold office for a term of five years or until they attain the age of 65 years. 2. The chairman and members of the Commission can relinquish their offices at any time by addressing their resignation to the president.

65 The authority which is not established by the constitutional provisions is
A UPSC
B Planning Commission
C Election Commission
D Finance Commission

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Planning Commission. The Planning Commission does not derive its creation from either the Constitution or statute, but is an arm of the Central/Union Government.

66 Which one of the following President of India served for two terms?
A V. V. Giri
B Zakir Hussain
C Rajendra Prasad
D S. Radhakrishnan

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Rajendra Prasad. Dr Rajendra Prasad is the president of India, who held office for two consecutive terms from 1952 to 1962. He was elected as president of India in 1952 and 1957.

67 By which Bill does the Government propose collection of revenues for a year?
A Finance Bill
B Economic Bill
C Supplementary Bill
D None of the above

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is Finance Bill. Finance bill includes taxation proposals for annual revenue collection. It is introduced in Lok Sabha every year with the general Budget. The passing of finance bill legalizes the income side of budget.

68 The President of India enjoys emergency powers of
A Two types
B Three types
C Four types
D Five types

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Three types. Constitution has empowered President to proclaim three types of Emergency. The expression, "Proclamation of Emergency" as used in Article-352 refers to emergency of first type i.e. National Emergency. Second type of emergency is mentioned under Article-356 as State Emergency or President's rule. And the third type of emergency is referred as "Financial Emergency" under article-360.

69 The Vice-President of India is elected by
A The members of the Rajya Sabha
B The members of the Parliament
C The elected and nominated members of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
D The members of the Parliament and State Legislature

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Option [C]. The vice president is elected indirectly by members of an electoral college consisting of the members of both Houses of Parliament and not the members of state legislative assembly by the system of proportional representation using single transferable votes and the voting is conducted by Election Commission of India via secret ballot.

70 When was the comprehensive reorganization of Indian States completed in accordance with the recommendations of States Reorganisation Commission?
A 1953
B 1954
C 1955
D 1956

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is 1956. The State Reorganization Act, 1956 came into effect 1st November 1956. The act recommended organization of boundaries of the states based on linguistic lines. State Reorganization Commission was appointed by PM Jawaharlal Nehru in December 1953 and the commission submitted its report on 30 September 1955. The report's recommendations were debated in Indian parliament and later bill was passed to amend constitution.

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