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Economic Geography - GK Objective Questions and Answers for competitive exams | Page-21

Updated on 16 November 2022

101 What is the common practice involved in shifting cultivation ?
A Large scale use of fertilizers
B Maximum use of animal power
C Use the sophisticated machinery
D Utilization of poor soils through ploughing/fallowing

Answer: Option [D]

Shifting cultivation is a mode of farming long followed in the humid tropics of Sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia, and South America. In the practice of “slash and burn”, farmers would cut the native vegetation and burn it, then plant crops in the exposed, ash-fertilized soil for two or three seasons in succession.

102 Largest producer of ‘Rye’ is
B Russia
C Germany
D Turkey

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Germany. Based on a comparison of 62 countries in 2019, Germany ranked the highest in rye production with 3,238 kt followed by Poland and Russia. On the other end of the scale was South Korea with 0.002 kt, Mexico with 0.014 kt and Peru with 0.052 kt.

In 2020, Germany produced 3.5M Metric Ton Rye.

103 Where is the commercial grain farming practiced ?
A North American plains
B Australian desert
C Western part of Europe
D Southern hilly areas of India

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is North American plains. Major areas where commercial grain farming is pracised are temperate grasslands of North America, Europe and Asia. These areas are sparsely populated with large farms spreading over hundreds of hectares. Severe winters restrict the growing season and only a single crop can be grown.

104 Largest importer of tea is
A Canada
B Australia
C Pakistan
D Japan

Answer: Option [C]

Largest importer of tea is Pakistan.

Below are the top 15 suppliers from which Pakistan imported the highest dollar value worth of tea during 2021. Within parenthesis is the percentage change in value for each supplying country from 2020 to 2021.

  1. Kenya: US$497.8 million (down -0.03% from 2020)
  2. Rwanda: $34.4 million (up 16.9%)
  3. Vietnam: $21.7 million (up 23%)
  4. Uganda: $15.1 million (down -0.4%)
  5. Burundi: $9.8 million (up 9.5%)
  6. Tanzania: $7 million (down -28%)
  7. China: $5.3 million (up 23.8%)
  8. Indonesia: $2.4 million (down -20.8%)
  9. Ethiopia: $852,000 (up 21.2%)
  10. Bangladesh: $609,000 (down -73.7%)
  11. Malawi: $544,000 (2020 data unavailable)
  12. Iran: $331,000 (down -30.3%)
  13. Sri Lanka: $330,000 (down -31.8%)
  14. Argentina: $184,000 (up 75.2%)
  15. Madagascar: $41,000 (2020 data unavailable)
105 Which is regarded as the staple food-crop of the world ?
A Rice
B Wheat
C Barley
D Maize

Answer: Option [A] & [B]

The correct answer is Rice & Wheat. Rice is the primary crop and food staple of more than half the world's population. Asia is the world's largest rice-producing and rice-consuming region. Rice is also becoming an increasing food staple throughout Africa. Rice and wheat are the two most common and important examples of staple food crops in the world. In India, maize is the third most important food crops after rice and wheat.


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