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The Judiciary - General Knowledge Multiple Choice Questions and Answers | Page-3

Questions
21 What does the “Judicial Review” function of the Supreme Court mean?
A Review its own judge-ment
B Review the functioning of judiciary in the country
C Undertake periodic review of the Constitution
D Examine the constitutional validity of the laws

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is Option examine the constitutional validity of the laws.

22 A writ of Mandamus can be issued by the Supreme Court to
A An official to perform public duty
B The company to raise wages
C The Prime Minister to dissolve the Cabinet
D The Government to pay the salaries to employees

Answer: Option [A]

A writ of Mandamus can be issued by the Supreme Court to an official to perform public duty. This writ is used by the court to order the public official who has failed to perform his duty or refused to do his duty, to resume his work.

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23 An appeal to the High Court lies in case the Session Court has awarded the punishment of
A One year or more
B Two years or more
C Three years or more
D Four years or more

Answer: Option [D]

An appeal to the High Court lies in case the Session Court has awarded the punishment of four years or more. Under appellate jurisdiction of High Court, an appeal to the High Court lies in case a Session Court has awarded the punishment of four years or more. Besides this, all cases involving capital punishment awarded by Session Court as appeal.

24 Under the Constitution, the power to issue a writ of Habeas Corpus is vested in
A High Court alone
B Supreme Court alone
C Both Supreme Court and High Courts
D All Courts down to the District Courts

Answer: Option [C]

Under the Constitution, the power to issue a writ of Habeas Corpus is vested in both supreme court and high courts. Habeas corpus is the writ which was visualized as an effective means to provide a quick remedy to a person who has lost his personal liberty without any legal justification.

25 A writ issued by the Supreme Court compelling a quasi-Judicial/public authority to perform its mandatory duty is
A Mandamus
B Certiorari
C Prohibition
D Quo Warranto

Answer: Option [A]

A writ issued by the Supreme Court compelling a quasi-Judicial/public authority to perform its mandatory duty is Mandamus. This is a writ issued by the respective high court or supreme court. This writ is issued if the public authority, any court or government fails to perform its statutory duties. This is basically an order under the law to be serious towards the work that's assigned.

26 How many types of writs can be issued by the Supreme Court?
A Three
B Four
C Five
D Six

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Option Five. The Supreme Court or the High Court can issue five different types of writs/orders to enforce the fundamental rights of Indian citizens. They are called Habeas Corpus, Mandamus, Quo-Warranto, Prohibition, and Certiorari.

27 The Supreme Court of India enjoys
A Advisory jurisdictions
B Original jurisdictions
C Appellate and advisory jurisdictions
D Original, appellate and advisory jurisdictions

Answer: Option [D]

The Supreme Court of India enjoys original, appellate and advisory jurisdictions.

28 The Judges of the High Court hold office
A During the pleasure of the Chief Justice of India
B Till they have attained 62 years of age
C Till they have attained 65 years of age
D As long as they desire

Answer: Option [B]

The Judges of the High Court hold office till they have attained 62 years of age. The Judges of the High Courts in India holds office till they attain the age of 62. The Constitution (114th Amendment) Bill, 2010, which provided for increasing the retirement age of high court judges from 62 to 65 years, was introduced in the Lok Sabha on July 25.

29 Indian Penal Code came into operation in
A 1858
B 1860
C 1859
D 1862

Answer: Option [D]

Indian Penal Code came into operation in 1862. It came into force in 1862 in all British Presidencies, although it did not apply to the Princely states, which had their own courts and legal systems.

30 In which case did the Supreme Court restore the primacy of the Fundamental Rights over the Directive Principles of State policy?
A Golaknath Case
B Minerva Mills Case
C Keshavananda Bharti Case
D All the above cases

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is Option Golaknath Case. In Golaknath Case, the Supreme Court restored the primacy of the Fundamental Rights over the Directive Principles of State Policy. Golaknath case was a 1967 Indian Supreme Court case, in which the Court ruled that Parliament could not curtail any of the Fundamental Rights in the Constitution.

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