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The Judiciary - General Knowledge Multiple Choice Questions and Answers | Page-6

Questions
51 Which of the following writs can lie only against a person holding a public office?
A Certiorari
B Prohibition
C Mandamus
D Habeas Corpus

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Mandamus.

52 The Judges of High Court are administered oath of office by
A Governor of the State
B The Chief Justice of India
C The President of India
D The Chief Justice of High Court

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is Governor of the State. The oath to a High Court judge is administered by the governor of that state.

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53 The Pension of a High Court Judge is charged on the
A Consolidated Fund of India
B Public Accounts of the State
C Consolidated Fund of the State
D Public Accounts of India

Answer: Option [A]

The Pension of a High Court Judge is charged on the consolidated fund of India. The Salaries, Pension and Allowances of the Supreme Court Judges are charged upon the Consolidated Fund of India, whereas the Salaries and Allowances of the High Court Judges are charged upon the Consolidated Fund of the States and the Pension is charged on the Consolidated Fund of India.

54 The High Court which has the distinction of having the first woman Chief Justice is:
A Delhi High Court
B Allahabad High Court
C Guwahati High Court
D Himachal Pradesh High Court

Answer: Option [D]

The High Court which has the distinction of having the first woman Chief Justice is Himachal Pradesh High Court. Justice Leila Seth became the first Indian woman Chief Justice of a State High Court. On 5 August 1991, she became the Chief Justice of Himachal Pradesh High Court. She was also the first woman Judge in Delhi High Court.

55 Writs are issued by
A The President
B High Courts
C Supreme Court
D Supreme Court and High Courts

Answer: Option [D]

Writs are issued by Supreme Court and High Courts. Writs are a written order from the Supreme Court or High Court that commands constitutional remedies for Indian Citizens against the violation of their fundamental rights.

56 The Judges of the Supreme Court hold office till they reach the age of
A 62 years
B 65 years
C 68 years
D 70 years

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is 65 years. The Supreme Court of India comprises the Chief Justice and 30 other Judges appointed by the President of India. Supreme Court Judges retire upon attaining the age of 65 years.

57 Supreme Court is the guardian for
A Fundamental Rights
B Directive Principles
C Centre and State disputes
D Preamble

Answer: Option [A]

Supreme Court is the guardian for Fundamental Rights. Protection of the fundamental rights lies neither in the hand of the legislature nor the executive. This right has been assigned by the Constitution to the Supreme Court. Supreme Court has the power to declare any law null or void if it found to violate the fundamental rights.

58 Which of the following is protected under Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972?
A Squirrel
B Bandicoot rat
C Gerbil
D Porcupine

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is Porcupine. The Act provides for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants; and for matters connected there with or ancillary or incidental thereto. The Indian crested porcupine is protected by the Indian Schedule IV of 1972, revised until 2002, of the Indian Wildlife Conservation Act. Nonetheless, it is commonly hunted because it is destructive to gardens and agricultural crops.

59 Judges of the district court are appointed by:
A President
B Law Minister
C Governor
D Chief Minister

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Governor. The District Judges are appointed by the Governor in consultation with the High Courts.

60 District Judges is under the control of
A Governor
B High Court
C Supreme Court
D State Government

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is High Court. According to Article 235, District Judges and officers holding civil judicial posts are under the control of the High Court.

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