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The Judiciary - General Knowledge Multiple Choice Questions and Answers | Page-4

Questions
31 Which of the following is not the essential qualification for appointment as a Judge of the Supreme Court of India?
A Should be a citizen of India
B Should be at least 35 years of age
C Should be an eminent jurist
D Should have practiced for at least 10 years as an advocate in one or more High Courts

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is should be at least 35 years of age.

32 Judicial review in the Indian Constitution is based on:
A Rule of Law
B Due process of Law
C Precedents and Conventions
D Procedure established by Law

Answer: Option [D]

Judicial review in the Indian Constitution is based on procedure established by law. Judicial Review is governed by the principle of “Procedure established by law” as given in Article 21 of the Indian Constitution. The law has to pass the test of constitutionality if it qualifies it can be made a law. On the contrary, the court can declare it null and void.

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33 The Judges of the Supreme Court retire at the age of:
A 58 years
B 60 years
C 62 years
D 65 years

Answer: Option [D]

The Judges of the Supreme Court retire at the age of 65 years. Originally the age of the retirement of the judges of the High Courts was fixed at 60 but it was raised to 62 in 1963 according to the 15th amendment of the Constitution. Supreme court judges retire at the age of 65.

34 The first Act permitting legal marriage with a person not belonging to one’s endogamous group is
A Hindu Marriage Validity Act
B Special Marriage Act
C Abolition of Untouchability Act
D Arya Samaj Marriage Validity Act

Answer: Option [A]

The first Act permitting legal marriage with a person not belonging to one’s endogamous group is hindu marriage validity act. The 1949 Hindu Marriage Validity Act validated all marriage between parties belonging to different religions, castes sub-castes or sects. But it did not validate marriage between a Hindu and a Muslim.

35 The State which have a common High Court are
A Gujarat and Orissa
B Maharashtra and Goa
C Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan
D Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Maharashtra and Goa. Maharashtra- Goa shares a common High court which is the Bombay (Mumbai) High Court. The Bombay High Court also includes the Union Territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu along with the states of Maharashtra and Goa under its extent.

36 The Supreme Court is empowered to settle election disputes of President and Vice- President. This is its
A Miscellaneous Jurisdiction
B Advisory Jurisdiction
C Appellate Jurisdiction
D Original Jurisdiction

Answer: Option [D]

The Supreme Court is empowered to settle election disputes of President and Vice- President. This is its Original Jurisdiction. No lower court can take such case. And any dispute regarding election of President and Vice-President can only be filed after the completion of election process and not in between the process.

37 Which two States have a common High Court?
A Haryana and Punjab
B Kerala and Tamil Nadu
C Gujarat and Maharashtra
D Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is Option Haryana and Punjab. The states of Punjab and Haryana have a common High Court in Chandigarh. Also, the North-Eastern states (Assam, Mizoram, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh) share the same High Court in Guwahati.

38 A writ issued by the High Court or the Supreme Court to protect the fundamental rights of the citizens is known as
A Certiorari
B Mandamus
C Habeas Corpus
D Quo warranto

Answer: Option [C]

A writ issued by the High Court or the Supreme Court to protect the fundamental rights of the citizens is known as Habeas Corpus. This writ is used to enforce the fundamental right of individual liberty against unlawful detention.

39 Of the following, who held the Offices of Judge of the Supreme Court and the Speaker of the Lok Sabha
A Subba Rao
B K.S. Hegde
C P.N. Bhagwati
D M. Hidayatullah

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is K.S. Hegde. K.S. Hegde held the office of judge of Supreme Court(1967-73) as well as Speaker of Lok Sabha (1977-80).

40 Implementing laws is the function of
A Cabinet
B Judiciary
C Legislative
D Executive

Answer: Option [D]

Implementing laws is the function of Executive. The Executive is responsible for implementing laws and running the government. At the centre, the Executive consists of the President, Vice-President, Prime Minister and the cabinet.

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