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The Judiciary - General Knowledge Multiple Choice Questions and Answers | Page-8

Questions
71 Consumer protection Act 1986, was amended in:
A 1991
B 1992
C 1993
D 1994

Answer: Option [A]

Consumer protection Act 1986, was amended in 1991.

72 Section of IPC, which deals with LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender) community is:
A 376
B 370
C 377
D None of these

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Section 377. Govt. of NCT of Delhi of 2009 found Section 377 and other legal prohibitions against private, adult, consensual, and non-commercial same-sex conduct to be in direct violation of fundamental rights provided by the Indian Constitution.

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73 The concept of “Rule of Law” is a special feature of constitutional system of
A Switzerland
B France
C U.S.A.
D Britain

Answer: Option [D]

The concept of “Rule of Law” is a special feature of constitutional system of Britain. The Rule of Law is the primary doctrine in UK and it comprises of the fundamental principles and values that every individual must obey. The rule of law along with court rulings and parliamentary sovereignty forms the defining principle for Britain's unwritten constitution.

74 How liberty can be limited?
A By Rule
B By Law
C By Authority
D By Equality

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is By Law. In most cases, where the liberty is limited by law, it is because there need to be reasonable restrictions imposed on one person's liberty so as to ensure that the others around him can also enjoy the same liberty without encroachment upon it.

75 Most important safeguard of liberty is
A Declaration of rights
B Decentralization of power
C Well-knit party system
D Bold and impartial judiciary

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is Bold and impartial judiciary. It is vitally important in a democracy that individual judges and the judiciary as a whole are impartial and bold of all external pressures and of each other so that those who appear before them and the wider public can have confidence that their cases will be decided fairly and in accordance with the law.

76 What is the ancient school of law?
A The Sociological School
B The Philosophical School
C The Historical School
D The Analytical School

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is the Philosophical School.

77 Which among the following is not a preventive detention act?
A Foreign Exchange Regulation Act (FERA)
B Preventive of Terrorism Act (POTA)
C Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act (TADA)
D Conservation of Foreign Exchange and Prevention of Smuggling Activities Act (COFEPOSA)

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is Foreign Exchange Regulation Act (FERA). The Foreign Exchange Regulation Act (FERA) which was passed by the Indian Parliament in 1973 imposed stringent regulations on dealings in foreign exchange and securities and the transactions which had an indirect impact on the foreign exchange and the import and export of currency. It was not a preventive detention act.

78 Wildlife Protection Act was implemented in India in
A 1956
B 1972
C 1964
D 1986

Answer: Option [B]

Wildlife Protection Act was implemented in India in 1972. The Government of India enacted Wildlife Act in 1972 with the objective of effectively protecting the wild life of this country and to control poaching , smuggling and illegal trade in wildlife and its derivatives. According to this Act, hunting, harvesting and harming of animals is strictly prohibited.

79 Which of the following is not dealt under Section 3 (3) of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986?
A The Biodiversity Authority
B The Coastal Zone Management Authority
C Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers Right Authority
D Authority set-up to monitor the State of Notified Ecologically Sensitive Areas

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers Right Authority.

80 On which date did the Rajya Sabha pass “The Marriage Laws” (Amendment) Bill 2012?
A 18th August, 2013
B 5th August, 2013
C 26th August, 2013
D 23rd August, 2013

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is 26th August, 2013. The Rajaya Sabha on 26 august 2013 passed The Mariage Laws (Amendment) Bill 2010 by voice vote. It seeks to amend the Hindu Marriage Act 1955 and teh Special Marriage Act, 1954 which provides for irretrievable brakdown on marriage as a ground for divorce as well as grants women the right to a share in the property of their husbands.

81 The power to decide an Election Petition for the State is vested in the
A High Court
B Supreme Court
C Parliament
D Election Commission

Answer: Option [A]

The power to decide an Election Petition for the State is vested in the High Court. Parliament has enacted Section 80-A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 providing that the “High Court” shall be the authority for presentment of election petitions under Article 329(b) of the Constitution.

82 In which year was the Prevention of Terrorism Act (POTA) enacted?
A 2000
B 2001
C 2002
D 2003

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is 2002. The Prevention of Terrorism Act, 2002 (POTA) was an Act passed by the Parliament of India in 2002, with the objective of strengthening anti-terrorism operations.

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