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The Judiciary - General Knowledge Multiple Choice Questions and Answers | Page-2

Questions
11 The civil affairs like marriage, divorce, inheritance etc. which has been authorized by the Constitution to make legal laws?
A States, by the State List of the Constitution
B Centre, by the Union List of the Constitution
C Centre and States, by the Concurrent List of the Constitution
D Religious authorities which have relation to individual affairs

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Option C. Civil affairs like marriage, divorce, inheritance etc is a subject under Concurrent list. Here both centre and states have been authorised by constitution to legislate.

12 Which of the following writs/orders of the High Court/Supreme Court is sought to get an order of an authority quashed?
A Certiorari
B Mandamus
C Habeas Corpus
D Quo Warranto

Answer: Option [A]

The writ of certiorari can be issued by the supreme or high court for quashing the order already passed by an inferior court, tribunal or quasi-judicial authority.

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13 Why did one of the High Courts in India decree that “bandhs are unconstitutional and punitive”?
A It adversely affects production
B It is not part of a right to protest
C It is not in exercise of a fundamental freedom
D It infringes on the fundamental rights of some groups of people

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Option C. Kerela High Court in 1997 declared that " Bandhs are unconstitutional and punitive" because of misuse of it. Court said that it is not an exercise of fundamental freedom. Apart from being a huge blow to economy, they throw normal life out of gear, infringing the veruy concept of freedom.

14 Which of the following is at the apex of the subordinate criminal courts?
A Supreme Court
B High Court
C Court of District Judge
D Court of Sessions Judge

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is Option court of sessions judge. Court of Sessions Judge is presided over by a Judge appointed by the government and Courts of Magistrate are presided by a Judicial Magistrate.

15 Preventive detention means-
A Detention for interrogation
B Detention after interrogation
C Detention without interrogation
D Detention for cognizable offence

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Option C. Preventive detention is basically detention without trial in order to prevent a person from committing a crime.

16 Who is empowered to transfer a Judge from one High Court to another High Court?
A President of India
B Law Minister of India
C The Union Cabinet
D Chief Justice of India

Answer: Option [A]

President of India empowered to transfer a Judge from one High Court to another High Court. Article 222 of the Constitution makes provision for the transfer of a Judge (including Chief Justice) from one High Court to any other High Court. The initiation of the proposal for the transfer of a Judge should be made by the Chief Justice of India whose opinion in this regard is determinative.

17 The main function of the judiciary is:
A Law execution
B Law formulation
C Law application
D Law adjudication

Answer: Option [D]

The main function of the judiciary is law adjudication. The principal role of the judiciary is to protect rule of law and ensure supremacy of law. It safeguards rights of the individual, settles disputes in accordance with the law and ensures that democracy does not give way to individual or group dictatorship.

18 The salaries and emoluments of the judges of the Supreme Court are changed on:
A The Finance Commission
B The Consolidated Fund of India
C The Contingency Fund of India
D The Reserve Bank of India

Answer: Option [B]

The salaries and emoluments of the judges of the Supreme Court are changed on the Consolidated Fund of India.

19 Which of the following “writs” of the High Court or the Supreme Court is sought to produce in the court a person, suspected to be missing/ in custody?
A Certiorari
B Mandamus
C Quo Warranto
D Habeas Corpus

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is Habeas Corpus. The Latin meaning of the word 'Habeas Corpus' is 'To have the body of'. This writ is used to enforce the fundamental right of individual liberty against unlawful detention. Through Habeas Corpus, Supreme Court/High Court orders one person who has arrested another person to bring the body of the latter before the court.

20 Where the High Courts in India first set up?
A Delhi and Calcutta
B Bombay, Madras, Calcutta
C Bombay, Delhi and Calcutta
D Madras and Bombay

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Option Bombay, Madras, Calcutta. The Charter of High Court of Calcutta was ordered in May 1862 and that of Madras and Bombay were order in June 1862. Thereby, making the Calcutta High Court the first High Court of the country.

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