Join our Telegram Channel

NCERT - Molecular Basis of Inheritance Questions and Answers of Class 12 Biology | GkSeries

Questions
91 In a DNA strand the nucleotides are linked together by:
1 glycosidic bonds
2 phosphodiester bonds
3 peptide bonds
4 hydrogen bonds

Answer: phosphodiester bonds
92 A nucleoside differs from a nucleotide. It lacks the:
1 base
2 sugar
3 phosphate group
4 hydroxyl group

Answer: phosphate group
Advertisement
93 One of the following is true with respect to AUG
1 It codes for methionine only
2 It is also an initiation codon
3 It codes for methionine in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes
4 All of the above

Answer: All of the above
94 The human chromosome with the highest and least number of genes in them are respectively:
1 Chromosome 21 and Y
2 Chromosome 1 and X
3 Chromosome 1 and Y
4 Chromosome X and Y

Answer: Chromosome 1 and Y
95 Control of gene expression takes place at the level of:
1 DNA-replication
2 Transcription
3 Translation
4 None of the above

Answer: Transcription
96 Which was the last human chromosome to be completely sequenced:
1 Chromosome 1
2 Chromosome 11
3 Chromosome 21
4 Chromosome x

Answer: Chromosome 1
97 23. If the sequence of nitrogen bases of the coding strand of DNA in a transcription unit is: 5′ – A T G A A T G – 3′, the sequence of bases in its RNA transcript would be;
1 5′ – A U G A A U G – 3′
2 5′ – U A C U U A C – 3′
3 5′ – C A U U C A U – 3′
4 5′ – G U A A G U A – 3′

Answer: 5′ – A U G A A U G – 3′
98 The amino acid attaches to the tRNA at its:
1 5′ – end
2 3′ – end
3 Anti codon site
4 DHU loop

Answer: 3′ – end
99 DNA is a polymer of nucleotides which are linked to each other by 3’-5’ phosphodiester bond. To prevent polymerisation of nucleotides, which of the following modifications would you choose?
1 Replace purine with pyrimidines
2 Remove/Replace 2′ OH group with some other group in deoxy ribose
3 Remove/Replace 3′ OH group in deoxy ribose
4 Both ‘2’ and ‘3’

Answer: Remove/Replace 3′ OH group in deoxy ribose
100 The promoter site and the terminator site for transcription are located at:
1 a. 3′ (downstream) end and 5′ (upstream) end, respectively of the transcription unit
2 5′ (upstream) end and 3′ (downstream) end, respectively of the transcription unit
3 the 5′ (upstream) end
4 the 3′ (downstream) end

Answer: 5′ (upstream) end and 3′ (downstream) end, respectively of the transcription unit
101 The fact that a purine base always paired through hydrogen bonds with a pyrimidine base leads to, in the DNA double helix:
1 the antiparallel nature
2 the semiconservative nature
3 uniform width throughout DNA
4 uniform length in all DNA

Answer: uniform width throughout DNA
102 Regulatory proteins are the accessory proteins that interact with RNA polymerase and affect its role in transcription. Which of the following statements is correct about regulatory protein?
1 They only increase expression
2 They only decrease expression
3 They interact with RNA polymerase but do not affect the expression
4 They can act both as activators and as repressors

Answer: They can act both as activators and as repressors
103 If the base sequence of a codon in mRNA is 5′-AUG-3′, the sequence of tRNA pairing with it must be:
1 5′ – UAC – 3′
2 5′ – CAU – 3′
3 5′ – AUG – 3′
4 5′ – GUA – 3′

Answer: 5′ – CAU – 3′
104 In E.coli, the lac operon gets switched on when:
1 lactose is present and it binds to the repressor
2 repressor binds to operator
3 RNA polymerase binds to the operator
4 lactose is present and it binds to RNA polymerase

Answer: lactose is present and it binds to the repressor
105 The first genetic material could be:
1 protein
2 carbohydrates
3 RNA
4 DNA

Answer: RNA
Advertisement

Miscellaneous GK Questions

Chapters

GkSeries Android App

Today's Top Current Affairs

Current Affairs MCQs

State-wise Current Affairs

General Knowledge

Month-wise Current Affairs 2022

Category-wise Current Affairs

Jobs by Qualification

Free Mock Test