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Constitutional Development of India - Indian Polity Objective Questions and Answers | Page-24

Questions
231 The state Election Commission conducts, controls and supervises Municipal elections under
A Article 240(1)
B Article 241 (2)
C Article 243 (K)
D Article 245 (D)

Answer: Option [C]

The state Election Commission conducts, controls and supervises Municipal elections under Article 243 (K). This article establishes the State Election Commission for superintendence, direction and control of elections to Panchayats. Whereas Article-243(ZA) deals with election to municipalities which is to be conducted under superintendence, direction and control of State Election Commission.

232 Which of the following judgments stated that ‘Secularism’ and ‘Federalism’ are the basic features of the Indian Constitution ?
A Keshavananda Bharati case
B S.R. Bommai case
C Indira Sawhney case
D Minerva Mills case

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is S.R. Bommai case. In S.R. Bommai case, 1994 which was related , to misuse of article 356 i.e, state emergency or President's rule, Supreme Court stated 'Secularism' and 'Federalism' as basic structures of constitution.

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233 Which one of the Constitutional amendment has established Panchayati Raj Institution ?
A 72nd Amendment act
B 71st Amendment act
C 73rd Amendment act
D 78th Amendment act

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is 73rd Amendment act. The Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992 has added a new part IX consisting of 16 Articles and the Eleventh Schedule to the Constitution. The 73th Amendment envisages the Gram Sabha as the foundation of the Panchayat Raj System to perform functions and powers entrusted to it by the State Legislatures.

234 The Election Commission is established under the Article
A Article 355
B Article 320
C Article 256
D Article 324

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is Article 324. The Election Commission operates under the authority of Constitution per Article 324, and subsequently enacted Representation of the People Act.

235 Which of the following is a bulwark of personal freedom ?
A Mandamus
B Habeas corpus
C Quo – Warrantor
D Certiorari

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Habeas corpus. The Literal meaning of 'Habeas Corpus' is "we may have the body'. It is an order issued by the court to a person who has illegally detained the other person directing him to produce such person in the court for examination of detention. The person is then freed if the detention is found to be illegal.

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