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Constitutional Development of India - Indian Polity Objective Questions and Answers | Page-19

Questions
181 Which one of the following ceased to be a fundamental right under the Constitution ?
A Right to Education
B Right to work
C Right to Property
D Right to Equality before Law

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Right to Property. Right to property in India is a human right after it ceased to be a fundamental right, following the 44th amendment to the Constitution if India, in 1978.

182 The idea of Lokpal is taken from
A France
B America
C Britain
D Scandinavian Countries

Answer: Option [D]

The idea of Lokpal is taken from Scandinavian Countries. The concept of an Lokpal has been borrowed from Sweden. The Lokpal in India has jurisdiction over all Members of Parliament and Central Government employees in cases of corruption. The Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act was passed in 2013 by Parliament, following the Jan Lokpal movement led by Anna Hazare.

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183 Which country is following One Party System ?
A Spain
B Chile
C China
D Mongolia

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is China. There is just one political party in all of China that is allowed to rule- The Chinese Communist Party or the CCP. In addition to this, any candidate standing for the parliamentary elections needs the approval of the CCP. The politics of the People's Republic of China takes places in a framework of a semi-presidential socialist republic run by a single party, the Communist Party of China.

184 The mind and ideals of the framers of Constitution are reflected in the
A Preamble
B Fundamental Duties
C Fundamental Rights
D Directive Principles of State Policy

Answer: Option [A]

The mind and ideals of the framers of Constitution are reflected in the Preamble. The Preamble, a preface of the Constitution contains the basic philosophy and fundamental values on which the Constitution is based. It reflects the ideology, dreams and grand vision of makers of the Constitution.

185 In which of the following list docs the subject ‘planning’ figure ?
A State List
B Concurrent List
C Residuary List
D Union List

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Concurrent List. The Concurrent List or List-III (Seventh Schedule) is a list of 52 items (though the last item is numbered 47) given in the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India. The legislative section is divided into three lists: Union List, State List and Concurrent List.

186 Which of the following is not a Union Territory ?
A Pondicherry
B Daman and Diu
C Nagaland
D Lakshadweep

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Nagaland. Nagaland is not a union territory but a state located in the north-east region of India. Its capital is Kohima and the largest city in the state is Dimapur.

187 By which Constitutional Amendment Bill, did the Parliament lower the voting age from 21 to 18 years ?
A 42nd
B 44th
C 61st
D 73rd

Answer: Option [C]

The Indian constitution adopts Universal adult franchise as a basis of elections to the Lok Sabha and State legislative assemblies. Every citizen who is or above 18 years of age has a right to vote without any discrimination of caste, race , religion, sex, literacy, etc. The voting age was reduced from 21 to 18 by the Parliament in the year 1989 by the 61st Constitutional Amendment Act of 1988.

188 Which of the following is not a feature of Indian Constitution ?
A Federal Government
B Presidential form of Government
C Independence of Judiciary
D Parliamentary form of Government

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Presidential form of Government. The presidential system of government implies that the executive and legislative branches are separate. It can also imply that their establishment and the time they remain in power are separate. The president normally serves as both the head of state and the head of government, and is elected by popular vote.

189 The Supreme Court of India was set up:
A By the Constitution
B By the law of President
C By the Presidential Order
D By the Act of 1947

Answer: Option [A]

The Supreme Court of India was set up by the Constitution.

190 Indian Constitution is:
A Federal
B Quasi Federal
C Unitary
D Presidential

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Quasi Federal. According to KC Wheare, in practice, the Constitution of India is quasi-federal in nature and not strictly federal. In words of D.D. Basu, the Constitution of India is neither purely federal nor unitary, but it is a combination of both.

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