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Constitutional Development of India - Indian Polity Objective Questions and Answers | Page-20

Questions
191 Constitution of India came into force in
A 1951
B 1956
C 1950
D 1949

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is 1950. The Republic is governed in terms of the Constitution of India which was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November, 1949 and came into force on 26th January, 1950.

192 Which of the following parts of the Indian Constitution ensures social and economic democracy ?
A Emergency Provisions
B Centre- State relations
C Directive Principles of State Policy
D None of the above

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Directive Principles of State Policy. Article 38 of the Indian Constitution enjoins upon the State to strive to promote the welfare of the people by securing a social order in which justice, social, economic and political shall inform all the institutions of national life and to minimize inequalities in income, status, facilities and opportunities not only amongst individuals but amongst groups of people.

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193 Article -1 of the Indian Constitution declares “India that is Bharat” is a:
A Union of States
B Federal State
C Federal State with Unitary features
D Unitary State with federal features

Answer: Option [A]

Article -1 of the Indian Constitution declares “India that is Bharat” is a Union of States.

194 The Government of India Act, 1935 was based on:
A Lord Curzon Commission
B Simon Commission
C Lord Clive’s report
D Dimitrov Thesis

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Simon Commission. The outcome of the Simon Commission was the Government of India Act 1935, which called for a "responsible" government at the provincial level in India but not at the national level—that is a government responsible to the Indian community rather than London. It is the basis of many parts of the Indian Constitution.

195 The National Emergency in India declared by the President of India due to the external aggression or armed revolt through
A Article-352
B Article-356
C Article-360
D Article-368

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is Article-352. Proclamation of Emergency declaring that the security of India or any part of the territory thereof is threatened by war or by external aggression or by armed rebellion may be made before the actual occurrence of war or of any such aggression or rebellion,

196 Who described the Government of India Act, 1935 as a new charter of bondage ?
A B.R. Ambedkar
B Mahatma Gandhi
C Rajendra Prasad
D Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru. At the Faizpur Session of the Congress in December 1936, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, in his Presidential Address, referred to the Government of India Act 1935 as "The new Charter of Bondage" which was being imposed upon them despite complete rejection.

197 In which part of the Indian Constitution, the fundamental duties are enshrined ?
A IV A
B IV B
C V
D IV

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is IV A. The Fundamental Duties are defined as the moral obligations of all citizens to help promote a spirit of patriotism and to uphold the unity of India. These duties set out in Part IV–A of the Constitution, concern individuals and the nation.

198 Who is custodian of the Indian Constitution ?
A President of India
B Chief Justice of India
C Prime Minister of India
D Chairman of Rajya Sabha

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Chief Justice of India. The Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice of India along with 30 other judges. The SC has extensive power in the form of appellate, original, and advisory jurisdictions. Hence, the Supreme Court acts as a custodian of our Constitution and protects our Fundamental Rights.

199 Which has become a legal right under 44th amendment ?
A Right to Judicial Remedies
B Right of Education
C Right to work
D Right of Property

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is Right of Property. In view of the special position sought to be given to fundamental rights, the right to property, which has been the occasion for more than one amendment of the Constitution, would cease to be a fundamental right and become only a legal right.

200 By which Constitution Amendment Act, Right to Property ceased to remain a fundamental right ?
A 44th
B 42nd
C 43rd
D 45th

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is 44th Amendment Act.

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