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Constitutional Development of India - Indian Polity Objective Questions and Answers | Page-16

Questions
151 How many spokes are there in the Ashoka Chakra depicted on the National flag of India ?
A 16
B 20
C 24
D 32

Answer: Option [C]

There are 24 spokes in the Ashoka Chakra depicted on the National flag of India. The flag with a spinning wheel with 24 spokes led the Quit India Movement of 1942. The chakra intends to show that there is life in movement and death in stagnation.

152 The basic structure of our constitution was proclaimed by the Supreme Court in
A Keshvananda Bharati Case
B Golak Nath case
C Minerva Mills case
D Gopalan Case

Answer: Option [A]

The basic structure of our constitution was proclaimed by the Supreme Court in Keshvananda Bharati Case. Keshavananda Bharti vs state of Kerela case, 1973 is one of the most important legal battle of Indian constitution. While pronouncing judgement Supreme Court proclaimed the concept of Basic Structure. It said parliament can amend fundamental rights subject to basic structure of constitution. At that time court did define what is basic structure.

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153 India is a Republic, because
A it is a democratic country
B it is a parliamentary democracy
C The head of the state is elected for a definite period
D All of these

Answer: Option [C]

India is a Republic, because the head of the state is elected for a definite period. In India the representatives are elected by the people of the country. The representatives elected by citizens have the power to take decisions on our behalf.

154 Who was the Constitutional Advisor to the Constituent Assembly of India ?
A Sir B.N. Rao
B K.M. Munshi
C Dr. B. R. Ambedkar
D Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is Sir B.N. Rao. The Constituent Assembly was Constituted in November 1946 under the Scheme of Cabinet Mission Plan. The first meeting of Constituent Assembly was held on December 9, 1946. Sir B.N.Rau was appointed as the Constitutional advisor of the Assembly.

155 The constitution of India lays down that the two houses of parliament must be summoned at least
A once a year
B twice a year
C thrice a year
D four times a year

Answer: Option [B]

The constitution of India lays down that the two houses of parliament must be summoned at least twice a year. The Constitution empowers the President to summon each House at such intervals that there should not be more than 6 month’s gap between the two sessions. Hence the Parliament must meet at least twice a year.

156 Which organ is the custodian of the national purse ?
A Executive
B Judiciary
C Civil Servants
D Legislature

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is Legislature. The idea of legislature as the custodian of national purse was for the first time mooted by the Government of India Act, 1909. It is considered as the custodian as it is the primary and most often the exclusive arbiter of federal fiscal affairs.

157 The right to vote in election to a parliament is a
A Fundamental Right
B Constitutional right
C Natural right
D Legal right

Answer: Option [B]

The right to vote in election to a parliament is a Constitutional right. In India, the right to vote is provided by the Constitution and the Representation of People's Act, 1951, subject to certain disqualifications. Article 326 of the Constitution guarantees the right to vote to every citizen above the age of 18.

158 Which of the following countries has introduce “Direct democracy” ?
A India
B France
C Russia
D Switzerland

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is Switzerland. Direct democracy (also known as pure democracy) is a form of democracy in which people decide (e.g. vote on, form consensus on) policy initiatives directly. Switzerland is a rare example of a country with instruments of direct democracy.

159 Which Article of the constitution of India abolishes untouchability and forbids its practice in any form ?
A Article 16
B Article 17
C Article 15
D Article 18

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Article 17. Article 17. Abolition of Untouchability. -"Untouchability" is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden. The enforcement of any disability arising out of "Untouchability" shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law.

160 Which Article of the Indian constitution provides for the institution a Panchayati Raj ?
A Article 36
B Article 39
C Article 40
D Article 48

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Article 40. The State shall take steps to organise village panchayats and endow them with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as units of self-government.

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