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Constitutional Development of India - Indian Polity Objective Questions and Answers | Page-5

Questions
41 A federal structure for India was first put forward by the
A Act of 1861
B Act of 1909
C Act of 1919
D Act of 1935

Answer: Option [D]

A federal structure for India was first put forward by the act of 1935. The act divided the powers between centre and provinces in terms of three lists namely Federal list, Provincial list and the Concurrent list. Residuary powers were vested with Viceroy.

42 There is no provision in the Constitution for the impeachment of the
A Governor
B Vice President
C Chief Justice of India
D Chief Justice of a High Court

Answer: Option [A]

There is no provision in the Constitution for the impeachment of the Governor. The term of Governor’s office is normally 5 years but it can be terminated earlier by dismissal by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister of the country, at whose pleasure the Governor holds office; and resignation by the governor. There is no provision of impeachment, as it happens for the President.

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43 ‘Consent of the people’ means consent of
A All people
B A few people
C Majority of the people
D Leader of the people

Answer: Option [C]

‘Consent of the people’ means consent of majority of the people. Governments and laws derive their legitimacy form the consent of the people. It means majority of the people.

44 When was our National Anthem first sung and where ?
A 24th January, 1950 in Delhi
B 24th January, 1950 in Allahabad
C 26th December, 1942 in Calcutta
D 27th December, 1911 in Calcutta

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is Option D. It was first sung on 27 December 1911 at the Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress.

45 Which Amendment of the Indian Constitution inserted the two words – ‘Socialist’ and ‘Secular’ in the Preamble ?
A 40th
B 42nd
C 44th
D 45th

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Option B. Secular and Socialist were the two words added later to the preamble of the Indian constitution. It was added through the 42nd constitutional amendment in the year 1976.

46 The Constitution of India came into force on
A 26 January, 1950
B 26 January, 1952
C 15 August, 1948
D 26 November, 1949

Answer: Option [A]

The Constitution of India came into force on 26 January, 1950. The Republic is governed in terms of the Constitution of India which was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November, 1949 and came into force on 26th January, 1950.

47 The term ‘Caste’ was derived from
A English
B German
C Dutch
D Portuguese

Answer: Option [D]

The term ‘Caste’ was derived from Portuguese. The English word caste derives from the Spanish and Portuguese casta, which, according to the John Minsheu's Spanish dictionary (1569), means "race, lineage, tribe or breed". When the Spanish colonised the New World, they used the word to mean a 'clan or lineage'.

48 The term “Greater India” denotes
A Political unity
B Cultural unity
C Religious unity
D Social unity

Answer: Option [B]

The term “Greater India” denotes Cultural unity. Greater India was the historical extent of the culture of India beyond the Indian subcontinent. This particularly concerns the spread of Hinduism in Southeast Asia, introduced by the Indianized kingdoms of the 5th to 15th centuries, but may also refer to the spread of Buddhism from India to Central Asia and China by the Silk Road during the early centuries of the Common Era. To the west, Greater India overlaps with Greater Persia in the Hindu Kush and Pamir mountains. The term is tied to the geographic uncertainties surrounding the “Indies” during the Age of Exploration.

49 Which is an extra-Constitutional body ?
A Language Commission
B Election Commission
C Planning Commission
D Finance Commission

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Option C. Planning Commission was an extra-constitutional body. It was replaced by NITI Aayog by PM Narendra Modi in the year 2015. Planning Commission was formed in 1950.

50 The declaration of Constitutional Emergency in an Indian State has to be approved by the Parliament within a period of
A 2 months
B 4 months
C 6 months
D 12 months

Answer: Option [A]

The declaration of Constitutional Emergency in an Indian State has to be approved by the Parliament within a period of 2 months. Article 356 states the President may assume to himself all or any of the functions of the Government of the State if he is satisfied that a situation has arisen in which the government of the State cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution. It has to be approved by both the houses of Parliament within a period of two months failing which the President's rule will cease to operate.

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