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Constitutional Development of India - Indian Polity Objective Questions and Answers | Page-10

91 52nd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1985 deals with
A Union Territories
B Defection and disqualification
C Extending reservation
D Abolition of privy purses

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Defection and disqualification. The anti-defection law was passed by parliament in 1985 by 52nd Amendment to the Constitution. It added the Tenth Schedule which laid down the process by which legislators may be disqualified on grounds of defection from one political party to another.

92 ‘Cabinet system’ and ‘Collective responsibility’ are the contributions of
A India
B Britain
C Ireland
D United States

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Britain. Cabinet system' and 'collective responsibility' are features of parliamentary form of government, which is contribution of Britain. 'Cabinet' is a group of ministers within Council of Ministers which is power-center of decision making whereas 'collective responsibility' means existence of Council of Ministers is only till they enjoy majority in lower house and all their actions are subject to scrutiny of parliament.



93 Popular sovereignty was advocated by
A Rousseau
B John Locke
C Thomas Hobbes
D T.H. Green

Answer: Option [A]

Popular sovereignty was advocated by Rousseau. ‘Social Contract’ and ‘natural law’ received a new interpretation from Rousseau. He developed a theory of popular sovereignty in which liberty and equality and freedom and authority were reconciled. According to him, state and law is one and the same thing and are the product of general will and not of reason as the jurists in the seventeenth century proclaimed.

94 The Creamy Layer, concept refers to
A The grouping based on social status
B The grouping based on castes
C The grouping based on economic status
D The grouping based on milk consumption

Answer: Option [C]

The Creamy Layer, concept refers to the grouping based on economic status. Creamy layer is a term used in Indian politics to refer to some members of a backward class who are highly advanced socially as well as economically and educationally. They constitute the forward section of that particular backward class – as forward as any other forward class member.

95 In the Constitution of India, the ‘Right to Constitutional Remedies’ has been provided in Article
A 30
B 31
C 32
D 35

Answer: Option [C]

In the Constitution of India, the ‘Right to Constitutional Remedies’ has been provided in Article 32. Right to constitutional remedies (Articles 32) empowers the citizens to move to a court of law in case of any denial of the fundamental rights.

96 Which amendment to the Constitution provide for the reservation of one-third seats in the Municipal Boards and Village Panchayats for women ?
A 73rd and 74th Amendments
B 82nd and 83rd Amendments
C 72nd and 73rd Amendments
D 74th and 75th Amendments and Ordinary Law

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is 73rd and 74th Amendments. The 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts provided for reservation of one-third of the seats for women in Gram Panchayats, Panchayat Samitis, Zilla Parishads, Municipalities, and Municipal Corporations as well as for the posts of Sarpanch, Chairman and Mayor.

97 By which constitutional amendment political defections were banned ?
A The Fiftieth amendment of 1984
B The fifty-third amendment of 1986
C The fifty-fourth amendment of 1986
D The fifty-second amendment of 1985

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is The fifty-second amendment of 1985.

98 Which Article of the Constitution provides special status to Jammu and Kashmir ?
A 360
B 368
C 370
D 375

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is 370. Jammu and Kashmir was administered by India as a state from 1952 to 31 October 2019, and Article 370 conferred on it the power to have a separate constitution, a state flag, and autonomy of internal administration.

99 The system of privy purses in respect of former rulers of Indian States before Independence was abolished by the Constitution through
A 26th Amendment Act, 1971
B 27th Amendment Act, 1971
C 38th Amendment Act, 1975
D 42nd Amendment Act, 1976

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is 26th Amendment Act, 1971. The 26th Amendment to the constitution of India in the year 1971 abolished the privy purse paid to former rulers of princely states which were incorporated into Indian Republic.

100 What is meant when the Constitution declares India a “Secular State” ?
A Religious worship is not allowed
B Religious are patronized by the State
C The State regards religious as a private affairs of the citizen and does not discriminate on this basis
D None of these

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Option C. Secularism in India mean the separation of religion from state. Religious laws in personal domain, for Muslim Indians; and currently, in some situations such as religious indoctrination schools the state partially finances certain religious schools.

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