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Constitutional Development of India - Indian Polity Objective Questions and Answers | Page-9

81 The objectives of Indian Planning are
A Increasing national income
B Elimination of poverty
C Reducing inequalities in income and wealth
D All of the above

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is All of the above.

82 The term “Fourth Estate” is used for
A Parliament
B Judiciary
C The Executive
D The press and newspaper

Answer: Option [D]

The term “Fourth Estate” is used for the press and newspaper. The Fourth Estate is a societal or political institution whose influence is not officially recognized and is most commonly referred to the news media, especially print journalism or "the press".



83 Through which Constitutional Amendment was the Nagarpalika Bill passed ?
A 70th
B 72nd
C 73rd
D 74th

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is 74th. The 74th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1992 established the system of Municipalities or Urban Local Governments. Part IXA, which went into effect on June 1, 1993, contains the provisions of this amendment.

84 Who can legislate on those residual matters which are not mentioned in Central/ State/ Concurrent lists ?
A Parliament alone
B State legislatures exclusively
C Parliament or State legislatures as adjudicated by the Supreme Court
D Parliament after State legislatures concur

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is Parliament alone. Article 248 (2) of the Constitution of India says that the Parliament has exclusive power to make any law with respect to any matter not enumerated in list II and III. Such power shall include the power of making any law imposing a tax not mentioned in either of those lists.

85 Which schedule of the Constitution deals with the disqualification of elected members on the ground of defection ?
A 8th
B 9th
C 10th
D 11th

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is 10th. The 10th schedule of the constitution was added in 1985 by an amendment to the constitution.It is popularly referred as "Anti-Defection Law".

86 According to Article 75(3) of the Constitution of India the Council of Ministers are collectively responsible to the
A Rajya Sabha
B Parliament
C President
D Lok Sabha

Answer: Option [D]

The Council of Ministers shall be collectively responsible to the House of the People(Lok Sabha). The Council of States is(Rajya Sabha).

87 Communism has given importance to
A Economic equality
B Social equality
C Natural equality
D Political equality

Answer: Option [A]

Communism has given importance to Economic equality. Communism is a revolutionary socialist movement to create a classless and stateless social order structured upon common ownership of the means of production, as well as a social, political and economic ideology that aims at the establishment of this social order. It espouses the goals of common ownership of land and total economic and political equality among citizens.

88 The two words that were inserted by the 42nd Amendment to the Preamble of the Constitution are
A Secular, Democratic
B Sovereign, Democratic
C Socialist, Secular
D Secular, Republic

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Socialist, Secular. Secular and Socialist were the two words added later to the preamble of the Indian constitution. It was added through the 42nd constitutional amendment in the year 1976.

89 Sikkim was granted statehood in the year
A 1972
B 1973
C 1974
D 1975

Answer: Option [D]

Sikkim was granted statehood in the year 1975. Initially, Sikkim remained an independent country which was ruled by Chogyal. It was first given the status of Associate State in 1974 by 35th Constitutional Amendment. Later on, in 1975 by 36th Amendment Act, as granted the status of a full state.

90 “From each according to his capacity, to each according to his needs” is the principle of
A Fascism
B Democracy
C Communism
D Dictatorship

Answer: Option [C]

“From each according to his capacity, to each according to his needs” is the principle of Communism.

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