Constitutional Development of India - Indian Polity Objective Questions and Answers | Page-8

Questions
71 On the subjects mentioned in the concurrent list, laws may be enacted by the
A Union alone
B States alone
C States and the Union
D States and the Union territories

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is States and the Union.

72 Freedom of the press is implied in the right to
A Equal protection of the laws
B Freedom of speech
C Freedom of association
D Work and material security

Answer: Option [B]

Freedom of the press is implied in the right to Freedom of speech. In India, freedom of the press is implied from the freedom of speech and expression guaranteed by Art. 19(1) (a). There is no specific provision ensuring freedom of the press as such.

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73 The provisional President of the Constituent Assembly was
A Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru
B Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
C Dr. Rajendra Prasad
D Sachidanand Sinha

Answer: Option [D]

The provisional President of the Constituent Assembly was Sachidanand Sinha. The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly of India took place in Constitutional Hall, New Delhi, on 9th December 1946. Dr Sachchidananda Sinha was the first president of the Constituent Assembly. On December 11, 1946, Rajendra Prasad was elected as permanent chairman of the Constituent Assembly.

74 Articles 74 and 75 of Indian Constitution deal with matters of
A The Cabinet Ministers
B The President of India
C The council of Ministers
D The Speaker of Lok Sabha

Answer: Option [C]

Articles 74 and 75 of Indian Constitution deal with matters of the council of Ministers. Article-74 and 75 of Indian constitution deal with the Council of Ministers. Article-74 states that the Council of Ministers headed by Prime Minister will aid and advice the President. Whereas Article-75 contains provisions with respect to appointment, oath, tenure, responsibilities and salaries of Minister.

75 The Chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Indian Constitution was
A Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
B Mahatma Gandhi
C Dr. Rajendra Prasad
D Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru

Answer: Option [A]

The Chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Indian Constitution was Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. On 29 August, 1947, the Constituent Assembly set up a Drafting Committee under the Chairmanship of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar to prepare a Draft Constitution for India.

76 A proceeding under Article 226 in case of detention of a person is a
A statutory proceeding
B judicial proceeding
C criminal proceeding
D civil proceeding

Answer: Option [C]

A proceeding under Article 226 in case of detention of a person is a criminal proceeding. Article-226 of Indian constitution gives the authority to High Courts to issue writs in case of violation of Fundamental Rights and other legal rights. In case of illegal detention of a person, court issues Habeas corpus writ whicsh is part of criminal proceeding.

77 Who was the Chairman of the Constituent Assembly of India ?
A Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
B Dr. Rajendra Prasad
C Dr. B.N. Rau
D Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Dr. Rajendra Prasad. The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly took place on 9th December, 1946 at New Delhi, On 11th December, 1946 , Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as the Chairman of the Constituent Assembly. The Constituent Assembly existed for approx. three years.

78 Which item out of the following is contained in the concurrent list ?
A Tolls
B Agriculture
C Trade Union
D Markets and Fairs

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Trade Union. Trade union is a subject under Concurrent list. Whereas Agriculture, Tolls and Markets and Fairs are subjects State list.

79 “Persons may change but rules should not change” is the principle of
A Republic
B Absolute Monarchy
C Unwritten Constitution
D Constitutional Government

Answer: Option [D]

“Persons may change but rules should not change” is the principle of Constitutional Government. In constitutional government, the government functions under the provisions written in a document called constitution which sets out framework and principal functions of government. Here, the person who is leading the government may change but rules or provisions under constitution should not change.

80 The Constituent Assembly of Indian was set up under the
A Cabinet Mission plan
B Mountbatten plan
C Cripps proposals
D Simon Commission proposals

Answer: Option [A]

The Constituent Assembly of Indian was set up under the Cabinet Mission plan.

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