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Constitutional Development of India - Indian Polity Objective Questions and Answers | Page-6

51 The number of subjects in the Union List of the Indian Constitution is
A 47
B 66
C 97
D 100

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is 97. The Union List or List-I is a list of 100 items (the last item is numbered 97) given in Seventh Schedule in the Constitution of India on which Parliament has exclusive power to legislate. The legislative section is divided into three lists: Union List, State List and Concurrent List. Unlike the federal governments of the United States, Switzerland or Australia, residual powers remain with the Union Government, as with the Canadian federal government.

52 Which of the following is not a Constitutional Body ?
A Election commission
B Financial commission
C Union Public Service commission
D Planning commission

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is Planning Commission. Planning Commission was an institutional in the Government of India, which develops India's five-year plan among various functions. The Indian planning Commission function is defined by the Government's in 1950. It created a systematic plan for the most effective and balance utilization of the country's resources.



53 The Constitution of India contains
A 340 Articles
B 395 Articles
C 400 Articles
D 448 Articles

Answer: Option [B]

Originally the Constitution of India had 395 articles in 22 parts and 8 schedules. But now Constitution of India have 448 articles in 25 parts, 12 schedules, 5 appendices and 98 amendments.

54 Which of the following Articles of the Constitution deals with the Fundamental Duties ?
A Article 39 C
B Article 51 A
C Article 29 B
D None of the above

Answer: Option [B]

Article 51 A deals with the Fundamental Duties.

55 Which was described by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar as the ‘heart and soul’ of the Constitution ?
A Right to Equality
B Right against Exploitation
C Right to Constitutional Remedies
D Right to freedom of Religion

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Option C. Right to constitutional remedies was described by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar as the ‘heart and soul’ of the Constitution. Ambedkar called Article 32 of the Indian Constitution i.e. Right to Constitutional remedies as ' the heart and soul of the Constitution'. It was made so because mere declaration of the fundamental right without an effective machinery for enforcement of the fundamental rights would have been meaningless.

56 Who had proposed party less democracy in India ?
A S.A. Dange
B Vinoba Bhave
C Mahatma Gandhi
D Jaya Prakash Narayan

Answer: Option [D]

Jayaprakash Narayan was an Indian independence activist. He is popularly referred to as Lok Nayak. The "Party Less Democracy" in India was proposed by Jay Prakash Narayan.

57 The Drafting of the Constitution was completed on:
A 26th January, 1950
B 26th December, 1949
C 26th November, 1949
D 30th November, 1949

Answer: Option [C]

The Drafting of the Constitution was completed on 26th November, 1949. The Constitution of India was adopted on 26 November, 1949 and the hon'ble members appended their signatures to it on 24 January, 1950. In all, 284 members actually signed the Constitution. On that day when the Constitution was being signed, it was drizzling outside and it was interpreted as a sign of a good omen.

58 Who was the President of the Constituent Assembly ?
A Sardar Patal
B Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
C Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru
D Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Answer: Option [D]

Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the President of the Constituent Assembly. Dr. Sachchidananda Sinha was the first elected chairman (temporary) of Constituent Assembly. Later Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as the president. On 11 December, 1946 Dr. Rajendra Prasad and H. C. Mukherjee were elected as assembly president and vice-president, respectively.

59 The method of Impeachment of the President of India is adopted from
A U.S.A.
B U.K.
C U.S.S.R.
D France

Answer: Option [A]

The method of Impeachment of the President of India is adopted from U.S.A. Constitution has adopted the method of Impeachment of the President of India from Constitution of USA.

60 In the eight schedule of the Constitution of India, which languages were added subsequently ?
A English, Sindhi, Marathi, Sanskrit
B Sanskrit, Sindhi, Konkani, Manipuri
C Sindhi, Konkani, Manipuri, Nepali
D Marathi, Oriya, Konkani, Nepali

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Sindhi, Konkani, Manipuri, Nepali. The Eighth Schedule of the Indian consisits of 22 scheduled langages viz. Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Marathi, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Sindhi, Konkani, Manipuri, Nepali, Bodo, Dogri, Maithili, Santal. It originally had 14 languages, others were added by subsequent amendments,

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