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Constitutional Development of India - Indian Polity Objective Questions and Answers | Page-3

Questions
21 Article 17 of the Indian Constitution provides for
A Abolition of titles
B Equality before law
C Abolition of untouchability
D Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment

Answer: Option [C]

Article 17 of the Indian Constitution provides for abolition of untouchability. "Untouchability" is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden. The enforcement of any disability arising out of "Untouchability" shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law.

22 Article 370 of the Constitution of India provides for
A Temporary provisions for Jammu & Kashmir
B Special provisions in respect of Nagaland
C Provisions in respect of the financial emergency
D None of these

Answer: Option [A]

Article 370 of the Constitution of India provides for temporary provisions for Jammu & Kashmir. Jammu and Kashmir was administered by India as a state from 1952 to 31 October 2019, and Article 370 conferred on it the power to have a separate constitution, a state flag, and autonomy of internal administration.

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23 Who among the following was the President of the Constituent Assembly of India ?
A M.A. Jinnah
B Dr. Rajendra Prasad
C Jawaharlal Nehru
D Lal Bahadur Shastri

Answer: Option [B]

Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the President of the Constituent Assembly of India. Dr Sachidanand Sinha was the first president of the Constituent Assembly. Later, Dr Rajendra Prasad was elected its president.

24 The majority of the provisions of Indian Constitution can be amended
A By the Parliament alone
B By the State Legislatures acting together
C Only on ratification by half of the States
D With the joint approval of the Parliament and State Legislatures

Answer: Option [A]

The majority of the provisions of Indian Constitution can be amended by the parliament alone.

25 A proclamation of emergency, under Article 352, on account of war or aggression requires approval of the Parliament within
A One month
B Two months
C Four months
D Six months

Answer: Option [A]

A proclamation of emergency, under Article 352, on account of war or aggression requires approval of the parliament within One month. Article 352 of the Indian Constitution states that an emergency can be called in the event of eminent danger to the national security due to armed rebellion, war or external aggression. Every proclamation is required to be laid before each House of Parliament, it will cease to operate after one month from the date of its issue unless in the meantime it is approved by the parliament, the proclamation may continue for a period of 6 months unless revoked by the president.

26 Article 370 of the Indian Constitution upholds
A Diplomatic privileges and immunities
B Land reforms legislation in India
C Special status of Jammu and Kashmir State
D Duties and rights of Lokpal

Answer: Option [C]

Article 370 of the Indian Constitution upholds special status of Jammu and Kashmir state. Jammu and Kashmir was administered by India as a state from 1952 to 31 October 2019, and Article 370 conferred on it the power to have a separate constitution, a state flag, and autonomy of internal administration.

27 In our Constitution, Economic Planning is included in
A Union list
B Concurrent list
C State list
D Not any specified list

Answer: Option [B]

In our Constitution, Economic Planning is included in concurrent list. Economic planning is in the Concurrent List (List III) of the Seventh Schedule of the Indian Constitution. The Seventh Schedule of the Indian Constitution comprises of three lists, which are Union, Concurrent and State lists.

28 Which Constitutional Amendment gave precedence to the Directive Principles of State Policy over Fundamental Rights ?
A 42nd
B 44th
C 52nd
D 56th

Answer: Option [A]

42nd Constitutional Amendment gave precedence to the Directive Principles of State Policy over Fundamental Rights. The 42nd Amendment gave primacy to the Directive Principles, by stating that "no law implementing any of the Directive Principles could be declared unconstitutional on the grounds that it violated any of the Fundamental Rights".

29 Which of the following expressions does not figure in the Preamble to the Indian Constitution ?
A Secular
B Federal
C Socialist
D Sovereign Democratic Republic

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Option B. The Preamble of the Constitution of India provides for the liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship. 'Federal' is NOT mentioned in the Preamble of the Constitution of India.

30 The basic features of the Indian Constitution which are not amendable under Article 368 are
A Judicial review and the federal system
B Sovereignty, territorial integrity, federal system and judicial review
C Sovereignty, territorial integrity and parliamentary system of Government
D Sovereignty, territorial integrity, federal system and judicial review and parliamentary system of Government

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is Option D. The basic features of the Indian Constitution which are not amendable under Article 368 are Sovereignty, territorial integrity, federal system, judicial review and parliamentary system of government.

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