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Constitutional Development of India - Indian Polity Objective Questions and Answers | Page-11

101 Evaluate the following statements:
I. The legal interpretation of equality is chiefly influenced by equally before law and equal protection of law
II. Equality before law means rule of law
A I is correct but II is incorrect
B II is correct but I is incorrect
C Both are correct
D Both are incorrect

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Both are correct.

102 Which State enjoys the distinction of being the first linguistic state of India ?
A Kerala
B Tamil Nadu
C West Bengal
D Andhra Pradesh

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is Andhra Pradesh. Andhra Pradesh is the first created linguistic state of India for Telugu speaking people. It came into existence on October 1, 1953. Indian revolutionist Potti Sriramalu took the lead and continued the struggle for the formation of a linguistic state.



103 When a constitutional amendment bill goes to the President, he
A Is bound to give his assent
B Can withhold his assent
C Can delay it for not more than six months
D Can return it to the Parliament for reconsideration

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is is bound to give his assent. All bills passed by the Parliament can become laws only after receiving the assent of the President. The President can return a bill to the Parliament, if it is not a money bill or a constitutional amendment bill, for reconsideration.

104 “The Federal System with strong Centre” has been borrowed by the Indian Constitution from
A France
B Canada
C United Kingdom
D United States of America

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Canada. The Constitution of India establishes a federal structure to the Indian government, declaring it to be a "Union of States". Part XI of the Indian constitution specifies the distribution of legislative, administrative and executive powers between the Central government and the States of India. The Federal System with strong centre' has been borrowed by the Indian Constitution from Canada.

105 Which of the following rights is not granted by the Constitution of India at present as a fundamental right ?
A Right to freedom
B Right to equality
C Right to property
D Right against exploitation

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Right to property. Right to Property was deleted from Fundamental Rights by the 44th Constitutional Amendment. This should be noted that it is a legal right & constitutional right but not a Fundamental Right.

106 Which among the following rights comes in to the category of public litigation petition before high court of Supreme Court ?
A against a general topic.
B against political interference.
C against the decision of lower court.
D The challenge to election of the office bearers of a political party.

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is against a general topic. Earlier, Article-32(1) which is right to move to Supreme Court was available only for those whose rights were violated. But later on by late 1980's Supreme Court has started entertaining matters in which interest of public at large is involved. Supreme Court through liberal interpretation of Article-32(1) said that anyone who is public spirited can approach to Supreme Court on behalf of those whose rights are violated. That was beginning of Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in India.

107 What is the period with in which a proclamation of national emergency made by the president is to be placed before each house of the parliament for approval ?
A within one month
B within two months
C within four months
D within six months.

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is within one month.

108 What is the exact constitutional position of the Indian republic when the constitution was brought into force with effect from 26th January 1950 ?
A A democratic republic
B A sovereign democratic republic
C A sovereign secular democratic republic
D A sovereign secular socialist democratic republic

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is A sovereign democratic republic. Accordlng to constitution at the time of its commencement on 26th January 1950, India was a Sovereign, Democratic, Republic. It got constitutional status of being Socialist and Secular after 42nd amendment act 1976.

109 Fabianism is closely related to:
A Fascism
B Liberalism
C Scientific socialism
D Democratic socialism

Answer: Option [D]

Fabianism is closely related to Democratic socialism. The Fabian Society is a British socialist organisation whose purpose is to advance the principles of democratic socialism via gradualist and reformist effort in democracies, rather than by revolutionary overthrow. The Fabian Society was also historically related to radicalism, a left-wing liberal tradition.

110 The federal structure for India was first put forward by the:
A Act of 1909
B Act of 1919
C Act of 1935
D Act of 1947

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Act of 1935. The act divided the powers between centre and provinces in terms of three lists namely Federal list, Provincial list and the Concurrent list. Residuary powers were vested with Viceroy.

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