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Constitutional Development of India - Indian Polity Objective Questions and Answers | Page-12

Questions
111 Which of the following exercised the most profound influence in framing the Indian constitution ?
A British constitution
B US constitution
C Irish constitution
D The government of India act, 1935

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is the government of India act, 1935. Majority of provisions in constitution have been adopted from GOI Act, 1935. Federal scheme, office of governor, power of federal, Judiciary, emergency powers etc. were drawn from this act.

112 How does the constitution of India describe India as ?
A Bharatvarsh
B A union of states
C A federated nation
D A federation of states and union Territories

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is A union of states. Article 1 of the Constitution of India declares India as a Union of states. According to Constitution India is the Union of states because the states are indestructible part of the country. States have no right to secede from the India. That's why India is a Union of states.

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113 Right to vote is mentioned in the part of the constitution relating to
A Election
B State legislature
C Union legislature
D Fundamental right

Answer: Option [A]

Right to vote is mentioned in the part of the constitution relating to Election. The rights that are enshrined in the Indian Constitution and conferred on the citizens of India, and do not fall under the domain of Part III, are known as constitutional rights. The Right To Vote is guaranteed by the Constitution of India under Article 326 of the Indian Constitution.

114 A low can be enacted, or executive order issued even contrary to article 19, during proclamation of emergency
A Caused by financial crisis
B Caused by constitutional breakdown
C Caused by internal armed rebellion
D Caused by war or external aggression

Answer: Option [D]

A low can be enacted, or executive order issued even contrary to article 19, during proclamation of emergency caused by war or external aggression. This means any law can be enacted or executive order issued, even contrary to Article-19 during proclamation of emergency.

115 The following article of the Indian constitution abolished the practice of untouchability.
A Article 14
B Article 17
C Article 18
D Article 19

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Article 17. Article 17 of the Indian constitution says that the untouchability is abolished and its practice in any form is forbiddable. The main goal of this article is to remove caste discrimination which is prevalent still in the country. Discrimination on grounds of caste is punishable by the court of law.

116 From the following languages listed in the eighth schedule of the constitution pick out the one which is the official language of a state:
A Kashmiri
B Sindhi
C Urdu
D Nepali

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Urdu. The Eighth Schedule to the Constitution consists of the following 22 languages: Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi,Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Bodo, Santhali, Maithili and Dogri.

117 The term ‘secular’ was added in the preamble to the Indian constitution by
A 41st Amendment
B 42nd Amendment
C 43rd Amendment
D 44th Amendment

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is 42nd Amendment. The term ‘secular’ was added by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1976. However, as the Supreme Court said in 1974, although the words ‘secular state’ was not expressly mentioned in the Constitution, there can be no doubt that Constitution-makers wanted to establish such a state and accordingly Articles 25 to 28 (guaranteeing the fundamental right to freedom of religion) have been included in the constitution.

118 Point out which from the following is not a right enumerated in the constitution of India but has been articulated by the Supreme Court to be a fundamental right.
A Right to privacy
B Equality before law
C Abolition of untouchability
D Right to form associations or unions

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is Right to privacy. Rather it is an inferred right from Article-21 which talks about right to life and personal liberty. Right to privacy means right to be let alone or right to be free from any unwarranted publicity which is part of right to life and liberty.

119 Point out which from the following is not a right enumerated in the constitution of India but has been articulated by the Supreme Court to be a Fundamental Right ?
A Right to life
B Protection of personal liberty
C Right to permanent housing
D Equality of opportunity in matter of public employment

Answer: Option [C]

The correct answer is Right to permanent housing.

120 Article 243 of the constitution of India inserted by a constitutional Amendment deals with which of the following ?
A Land Reforms
B Panchayati Raj system
C To include Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali in the list of official language
D Extended the benefits of reservation on the basis of mandal commission Recommendation

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Panchayati Raj system. Article 243 of the constitution of India inserted by a constitutional Amendment deals with Panchayati Raj system.

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