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Constitutional Development of India - Indian Polity Objective Questions and Answers | Page-13

121 From which Constitution of the world, the Indian constitution has adopted the concept of “Directive Principles of state policy“ ?
A Ireland
B U.S.A.
C Canada
D Australia tanks and wells

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is Ireland. Articles 36-51 under Part-IV of the Indian Constitution deal with Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP). They are borrowed from the Constitution of Ireland, which had copied it from the Spanish Constitution.

122 The concept of political sovereignty was advocated by
A Plato
B John Locke
C Rousseau
D Austin

Answer: Option [C]

The concept of political sovereignty was advocated by Rousseau. In Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s (1712–1778) definition of popular sovereignty, he considers the people to be the legitimate sovereign. He condemned the distinction between the origin and the exercise of sovereignty, a distinction upon which constitutional monarchy or representative democracy is founded. In his “Du Contrat Social, ou Principes du droit politique,” he deals with sovereignty and its rights.

123 Plural theory of sovereignty emphasizes of
A State
B Religion
C Individuals
D Association

Answer: Option [D]

Plural theory of sovereignty emphasizes of Association. The pluralist theory of sovereignty is a reaction to monistic or legal theory of sovereignty. To monistic theory state is supreme association and all other associations are the creation of state and their existence depends on the will of the sovereign power. The pluralist theory rejects this and tries to establish that there is no single source of authority that is all competent and comprehensive.

124 Where is the objective of ‘’social justice’’ articulated in the constitution of India ?
A Preamble
B Article 14
C Article 15
D Article 16

Answer: Option [A]

The correct answer is Preamble. The term ‘justice’ in the Preamble embraces three distinct forms– social, economic and political, secured through various provisions of Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles.

125 Under which article of the constitution can emergency be declared in India on account of war or external aggression ?
A Article 356
B Article 352
C Article 353
D Article 354

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Article 352. An emergency under Article 352 of the Constitution of India can be declared by the President only during war, external aggression or armed rebellion. Such a proclamation of emergency has to be approved by both the Houses of Parliament by absolute majority of the total membership of the Houses as well as 2/3 majority of members present and voting.

126 Form which historical work were the words “Satyameva Jayate” appearing under the national emblem taken ?
A Rig veda
B Ramayana
C Bhagawad Gita
D Mundaka Upanishad

Answer: Option [D]

The correct answer is Mundaka Upanishad. The words - “Satyameva Jayate”, inscribed on the state emblem of India, has been taken from Mundaka Upanishad.

127 Which among the following legislation gives constitutional status to three tier Panchayati Raj System ?
A 72nd constitutional amendment, 1992
B 73rd constitutional amendment, 1993
C 74th constitutional amendment, 1993
D 75th constitutional amendment, 1994

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is 73rd constitutional amendment, 1993. The 73rd Amendment 1992 added a new Part IX to the constitution titled “The Panchayats” covering provisions from Article 243 to 243(O); and a new Eleventh Schedule covering 29 subjects within the functions of the Panchayats.

128 Which among the following Articles of the Indian constitution provides for states emergency and suspends constitutional arrangement in a state ?
A Article 352
B Article 356
C Article 389
D Article 392

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is Article 356. A state of emergency can be declared in any state of India under article 356 on the recommendation of the governor of the state.

129 Article 32 of the Indian constitution relates to:
A Right to religion
B Right to equality
C Right against exploitation
D Right to constitutional remedies

Answer: Option [D]

Article 32 of the Indian constitution relates to Right to constitutional remedies. Article 32 of the Indian Constitution gives the right to individuals to move to the Supreme Court to seek justice when they feel that their right has been 'unduly deprived'.

130 What was the basis for constituting the constituent Assembly of India ?
A The Resolution of the Indian national congress
B The cabinet mission plan, 1946
C The Indian Independence act, 1947
D The resolutions of the provincial/ State legislatures of the dominion of India

Answer: Option [B]

The correct answer is the cabinet mission plan, 1946. A Cabinet Mission was sent to India in 1946. While it rejected the idea of two Constituent Assemblies, it put forth a scheme for the Constituent Assembly which more or less satisfied with the Muslim League. The Constituent Assembly was constituted in November 1946 under the scheme formulated by the Cabinet Mission Plan.

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